SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adams, C.E. & Huntingford, F.A. 2004. Incipient speciation driven by phenotypic plasticity? Evidence from sympatric populations of Arctic charr. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 81: 611618.
  • Albertson, R.C., Streelman, J.T. & Kocher, T.D. 2003. Genetic basis of adaptive shape differences in the cichlid head. J. Heredity 94: 291301.
  • Alexander, G.D. & Adams, C.E. 2004. Exposure to a common environment erodes inherited between-population trophic morphology differences in Arctic charr. J. Fish Biol. 64: 253257.
  • Amundsen, P.-A., Knudsen, R., Klemetsen, A. & Kristoffersen, R. 2004. Resource competition and interactive segregation between sympatric whitefish morphs. Ann. Zol. Fenn. 41: 301307.
  • AppliedBiosystems. 1996a. GENESCAN, Software, Version 2.1. User's Manual. ABI, Foster city.
  • AppliedBiosystems. 1996b. GENOTYPER, Software, Version 2.0. User's Manual. ABI, Foster city.
  • Bagenal, T.B. & Tesch, F.W. 1978. Age and growth. In: Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters, IBP handbook No. 3 (T. B.Bagenal, ed.), pp. 101130. Blackwell Scientific Publishers, Oxford.
  • Bentzen, P. & McPhail, J.D. 1984. Ecology and evolution of sympatric sticklebacks (Gasterosteus): specialization for alternative trophic niches in the Enos Lake species pair. Can. J. Zool. 62: 22802286.
  • Berg, L.S. 1962. Freshwater Fishes of the USSR and Adjacent Countries, 4th edn. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.
  • Bergstrand, E. 1982. The diet of four sympatric whitefish species in Lake Parkijaure. Rep. Inst. Freshw. Res., Drottningholm 60: 514.
  • Bernatchez, L. 1995. A role for molecular systematics in defining evolutionary significant units in fishes. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 17: 114132.
  • Bernatchez, L. 2004. Ecological theory of adaptive radiation: an empirical assessment from Coregonine fishes (Salmoniformes). In: Evolution Illuminated: Salmon and their Relatives (A. P.Hendry & S. C.Stearns, eds), pp. 175207. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Bernatchez, L. & Dodson, J.J. 1994. Phylogenetic relationships among palearctic and nearctic whitefish (Coregonus sp.) populations as revealed by mitochondrial DNA variation. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 51: 240251.
  • Bodaly, R.A. 1979. Morphological and ecological divergence within the lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) species complex in Yukon Territory. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 36: 12141222.
  • Bodaly, R.A., Vuorinen, J., Wards, R.D., Luczynski, M. & Reist, J.D. 1991. Genetic comparisons of New and Old World coregonid fishes. J. Fish Biol. 38: 3751.
  • Bodaly, R.A., Clayton, J.W., Lindsay, C.G. & Vuorinen, J. 1992. Evolution of lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) in North America during the Pleistocene: genetic differentiation between sympatric populations. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 769779.
  • Bronte, C.R., Fleischer, G.W., Maistrenko, S.G. & Pronin, N.M. 1999. Stock structure of Lake Baikal omul as determined by whole-body morphology. J. Fish Biol. 54: 787798.
  • Campbell, D. & Bernatchez, L. 2004. Generic scan using AFLP markers as a means to assess the role of directional selection in the divergence of sympatric whitefish ecotypes. Mol. Ecol. Evol. 21: 945956.
  • Cornuet, J.-M., Piry, S., Luikart, G., Estoup, A. & Solignac, M. 1999. New methods employing multilocus genotypes to select or exclude populations as origins of individuals. Genetics 153: 19892000.
  • Day, T. & McPhail, J.D. 1996. The effect of behavioural and morphological plasticity on foraging efficiency in the threespined stickleback. Oecologia 108: 380388.
  • Day, T., Pritchard, J. & Schluter, D. 1994. Ecology and genetics of phenotypic plasticity: a comparison of two sticklebacks. Evolution 48: 17231734.
  • Dill, L.M. 1983. Adaptive flexibility in the foraging behaviour of fishes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 40: 398408.
  • Douglas, M.R., Brunner, P.C. & Bernatchez, L. 1999. Do assemblages of Coregonus (Teleostei: Salmoniformes) in the central Alpine region of Europe represent species flocks? Mol. Ecol. 8: 589603.
  • El Mousadik, A. & Petit, R.J. 1996. High level of genetic differentiation for allele richness among populations of the argan tree [Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels] endemic to Morocco. Theor. Appl. Genet. 92: 823839.
  • Excoffier, L., Smouse, P.E. & Quattro, J.M. 1992. Analysis of molecular variance inferred from metric distances among DNA haplotypes: application to human mitochondrial DNA restriction data. Genetics 131: 479491.
  • Felsenstein, J. & Sober, E. 1986. Parsimony and likelihood: an exchange. Syst. Zool. 35: 617626.
  • Foote, C.J., Moore, K., Stenberg, K., Craig, K.J., Wenburg, J.K. & Wood, C.C. 1999. Genetic differentiation in gill raker number and length in sympatric anadromous and nonanadromous morphs of sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka. Environ. Biol. Fish. 54: 263274.
  • Goldstein, D.B. & Schlötterer, C. 1999. Microsatellites: Evolution and Applications, 1st edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Goudet, J. 1995. FSTAT (vers. 1.2): a computer program to calculate F-statistics. J. Hered. 86: 485486.
  • Goudet, J. 1999. PCA-GEN for Windows, vers. 1.2 [WWW document]. URL http://www2.unil.ch/popgen/softwares/pcagen.html.
  • Guo, S.W. & Thompson, E.A. 1992. Performing the exact test of Hardy–Weinberg proportion for multiple alleles. Biometrics 48: 361372.
  • Hagen, D.W. 1973. Inheritance of numbers of lateral plates and gill rakers in Gasterosteus aculeatus. Heredity 30: 303312.
  • Haldane, J.B.S. 1948. The theory of a cline. J. Genet. 48: 277283.
  • Hatfield, T. 1997. Genetic divergence in adaptive characters between sympatric species of stickleback. Am. Nat. 149: 10091029.
  • Hendry, A.P. & Stearns, S.C. 2004. Evolution Illuminated: Salmon and their Relatives. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Hendry, A.P., Taylor, E.B. & McPhail, J.D. 2002. Adaptive divergence and the balance between selection and gene flow: lake and stream stickleback in the Misty system. Evolution 56: 11991216.
  • Hermida, M., Fernández, C., Amaro, R. & San Miguel, E. 2002. Heritability and ‘evolvability’ of meristic characters in a natural population of Gasterosteus aculeatus. Can. J. Zool. 80: 532541.
  • Himberg, M. & Lehtonen, H. 1995. Systematic and nomenclature of coregonid fishes. Particularly in Northwest Europe. Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues. Advanc. Limnol. 46: 3947.
  • Hindar, K. 1994. Alternative life histories and genetic conservation. In: Conservation Genetics (V.Loeschcke, J.Tomiuk & S. K.Jain, eds), pp. 323336. Birkhäuser Verlag Basel, Switzerland.
  • Huitfeldt-Kaas, H. 1918. Ferskvandsfiskenes utbredelse og innvandring i Norge. Centraltrykkeriet, Kristiania [in Norwegian].
  • Humphries, C.J. & Parenti, L.R. 1999. Cladistic Biogeography: Interpreting Patterns of Plant and Animal Distributions, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Jensen, A.L. 1985. Relations among net reproductive rate and life history parameters for lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 164168.
  • Jonsson, B. & Jonsson, N. 2001. Polymorphism and speciation in Arctic charr. J. Fish Biol. 58: 605638.
  • Kahilainen, K. & Lehtonen, H. 2002. Habitat use and growth of three sympatric forms of European whitefish, Coregonus lavaretus (L.), in subarctic Lake Muddusjärvi. Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues. Advanc. Limnol. 57: 277290.
  • Kahilainen, K., Malinen, T., Tuomaala, A. & Lehtonen, H. 2004. Diel and seasonal habitat and food segregation of three sympatric Coregonus lavaretus forms in a subarctic lake. J. Fish Biol. 64: 117.
  • Kirchhofer, A. 1990. Limnologische und ichtyologische untersuchungen im Brienzersee unter besonderer berücsichtigung der differenzierung der sympatrischen felchenpopulationen, Dissertation. Phil. – nat. Fakultät der Universität Bern.
  • Kirchhofer, A. & Tschumi, P.-A. 1986. Age structure and growth of coregonid fish populations in Lake Thun. Arch. Hydrobiol. Beih. Ergebn. Limnol. 22: 303318.
  • Kirkpatrick, M. & Selander, R.K. 1979. Genetics of speciation in lake whitefishes in the Allegash basin. Evolution 33: 478485.
  • Klemetsen, A., Elliot, J.M., Knudsen, R. & Sørensen, P. 2002. Evidence for genetic differences in the offspring of two sympatric morphs of Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus (L.). J. Fish Biol. 60: 933950.
  • Kottelat, M. 1997. European freshwater fishes. An heuristic checklist of the freshwater fishes of Europe (exclusive of former USSR), with an introduction for non-systematists and comments on nomenclature and conservation. Biol. Sec. Zool. 52: 1271.
  • Løvik, J.E. & Kjellberg, G. 1982. Glåma i Hedmark. Delrapport om dyreplankton. Undersøkelser i tidsrommet 1978–80. Norwegian Institute of Water Research, Report No. 0-78045-III, pp. 158 [in Norwegian].
  • Larson, G.L. 1976. Social behavior and feeding ability of two phenotypes of Gasterosteus aculeatus in relation to their spatial and trophic segregation in a temperate lake. Can. J. Zool. 54: 107121.
  • Lavin, P.A & McPhail, J.D. 1987. Morphological divergence and the organization of trophic characters among lacustrine populations of the threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 44: 18201829.
  • Leary, R.F., Allendorf, F.W. & Knudsen, K.L. 1992. Genetic, environmental, and developmental causes of meristic variation in rainbow trout. Act. Zool. Fenn. 191: 7995.
  • Lehtonen, H. & Niemelä, E. 1998. Growth and population structure of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.)) in mountain lakes of Finland. Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues. Advanc. Limnol. 49: 8195.
  • Li, W.-H. 1997. Molecular Evolution, 2nd edn. Sinauer Associates, Incorporate Publishers, Sunderland, MA, USA.
  • Lindroth, A. 1957. A study of the whitefish (Coregonus) of the Sundsvall Bay district. Rep. Inst. Freshw. Res., Drottningholm 38: 70108.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae, 10th edn. Impensis direct. Laurentii salvii, Stockholm.
  • Liou, L.W. & Price, T.D. 1994. Speciation by reinforcement of premating isolation. Evolution 48: 14511459.
  • Lópes-Fanjul, C., Fernández, A. & Toro, M.A. 2003. The effect of neutral nonadditive gene action on the quantitative index of population divergence. Genetics 164: 16271633.
  • Losos, J.B., Jackman, T.R., Larson, A., de Queiroz, K. & Rodriguez-Schettino, L. 1998. Contingency and determinism in replicated adaptive radiations of island lizards. Science 279: 21152118.
  • Lu, G. & Bernatchez, L. 1999. Correlated trophic speciation and genetic divergence in sympatric lake whitefish ecotypes (Coregonus clupeaformis): support for the ecological speciation hypothesis. Evolution 53: 14911505.
  • Lu, G., Basley, D.J. & Bernatchez, L. 2001. Contrasting patterns of mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite introgressive hybridization between lineages of lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis): relevance for speciation. Mol. Ecol. 10: 965985.
  • Malmquist, H.J. 1992. Phenotype-specific feeding behaviour of two arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus morphs. Oecologia 92: 354361.
  • Mayr, E. 2001. What Evolution is, 1st edn. Basic books, New York.
  • Merilä, J. & Crnokrak, P. 2001. Comparison of genetic differentiation at marker loci and quantitative traits. J. Evol. Biol. 14: 892903.
  • Merilä, J., Björklund, M. & Baker, A.J. 1997. Historical demography and present day population structure of the greenfinch, Carduelis chloris. Evolution 51: 946956.
  • Meyer, A. 1987. Phenotypic plasticity and heterochrony in Cichlasoma managuense (Pisces, Cichlidae) and their implications for speciation in cichlid fishes. Evolution 41: 13571369.
  • Mousseau, T.A. & Roff, D.A. 1987. Natural selection and the heritability of fitness components. Heredity 59: 181197.
  • Næsje, T.F., Sandlund, O.T. & Saksgård, R. 1992. Siken i Femund: effekter og anbefalinger etter ti års næringsfiske. NINA-oppdragsmelding 145: 24 (ISBN-82-426-0258-1) [In Norwegian with English summary].
  • Næsje, T.F., Sandlund, O.T. & Saksgård, R. 1998. Selective predation of piscivorous brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) on polymorphic whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L.). Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues. Advanc. Limnol. 50: 283294.
  • Nei, M. 1987. Molecular Evolutionary Genetics. Columbia University Press, New York, USA.
  • Nei, M., Tajima, F. & Tateno, Y. 1983. Accuracy of estimated phylogenetic trees from molecular data. II. Gene frequency data. J. Mol. Evol. 19: 153170.
  • Nielsen, J.L. & Powers, D. (eds.) 1995. Evolution and the aquatic ecosystem: defining unique units in population conservation. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 17: 1435.
  • Nikolskii, G.V. 1963. The Ecology of Fishes, 1st edn. Academic press, New York.
  • Patton, J.C., Gallaway, B.J., Fechhelm, R.G. & Cronin, M.A. 1997. Genetic variation of microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA markers in broad whitefish (Coregonus nasus) in the Colville and Sagavanirktok rivers in northern Alaska. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54: 15481556.
  • Pigeon, D., Chouinard, A. & Bernatchez, L. 1997. Multiple modes of speciation involved in the parallel evolution of sympatric morphotypes of lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis, Salmonidae). Evolution 51: 196205.
  • Price, T.D., Qvarnström, A. & Irwin, D.E. 2003. The role of phenotypic plasticity in driving genetic evolution. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 270: 14331440.
  • Raymond, M. & Rousset, F. 1995. GENEPOP version 1.2: population genetics software for exact test and ecumenism. J. Heredity 86: 248249.
  • Reist, J.D. 1985. An empirical evaluation of several univariate methods that adjust for size variation in morphometric data. Can. J. Zool. 63: 14291439.
  • Resethnikov, Y.S. 1968. Coregonid fishes in recent conditions. Finn. Fish. Res. 9: 1116.
  • Rice, W.R. & Hostert, E.E. 1993. Laboratory experiments on speciation: what have we learned in 40 years? Evolution 47: 16371653.
  • Robinson, B.W. & Pearson, K.J. 2002. Changing times, spaces, and faces: tests and implications of adaptive morphological plasticity in the fishes of northern postglacial lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 59: 18191833.
  • Robinson, B.W. & Wilson, D.S. 1994. Character release and displacement in fishes: a neglected literature. Am. Nat. 144: 596627.
  • Rogers, S.M., Gagnon, V. & Bernatchez, L. 2002. Genetically based phenotype-environment association for swimming behavior in lake whitefish ecotypes (Coregonus clupeaformis Mitchill). Evolution 56: 23222329.
  • Rogers, M.R., Marchand, M. & Bernatchez, L. 2004. Isolation, characterization, and cross-salmonid amplification of 31 microsatellite loci in the lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis, Mitchill). Mol. Ecol. Notes 4: 8992.
  • Rufli, H.V. 1978. Die heutigen sympatrischen felchenpopulationen (Coregonus spp.) des Thuner- und Bielersees und ihre morphologie. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 40: 731.
  • Saint-Laurent, R., Legault, M. & Bernatchez, L. 2003. Divergent selection maintains adaptive differentiation despite high gene flow between sympatric rainbow smelt ecotypes (Osmerus mordax Mitchill). Mol. Ecol. 12: 315330.
  • Saksgård, R., Næsje, T.F., Sandlund, O.T. & Ugedal, O. 2002. The effect of fish predators on European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L.) habitat use in Lake Femund, a deep Norwegian lake. Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues Advanc. Limnol. 57: 537552.
  • Sambrook, J., Fritch, E.F. & Maniatis, T. 1989. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd edn. Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory Press, New York.
  • Sandlund, O.T. & Næsje, T.F. 1989. Impact of a pelagic gill-net fishery on the polymorphic whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L. s.l.) population in Lake Femund, Norway. Fish Res. 7: 8597.
  • Sandlund, O.T., Næsje, T.F. & Saksgård, R. 1995. Ecological diversity in whitefish Coregonus lavaretus: ontogenetic niche shifts and polymorphism. Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues Advanc. Limnol. 46: 4959.
  • SAS. 2002. JMP Software, JMP®, Version 5.0. Copyright © 2002. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
  • Schliewen, U.K, Tautz, D. & Paabo, S. 1994. Sympatric speciation suggested by monophyly of crater lake cichlids. Nature 368: 629632.
  • Schliewen, U.K., Rassman, K., Markmann, M., Market, J., Kocher, T. & Tautz, D. 2001. Genetic and ecological divergence of a monophyletic cichlid species pair under fully sympatric conditions in Lake Ejegham, Cameroon. Mol. Ecol. 10: 14711488.
  • Schluter, D. 2000. The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation, 1st edn. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Schluter, D. 2004. Frequency dependent natural selection during character displacement in sticklebacks. Evolution 57: 11421150.
  • Schluter, D., Clifford, E.A., Nemethy, M. & McKinnon, J.S. 2004. Parallel evolution of inheritance of quantitative traits. Am. Nat. 163: 809822.
  • Schneider, S., Roessli, D. & Excoffier, L. 2000. ARLEQUIN v. 2.000; A Software for Population Genetic Data Analysis. Genetics and Biometry Laboratory, University of Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Schulz, M. & Freyhof, J. 2003. Coregonus fontanae, a new spring-spawning cisco from Lake Stechlin, northern Germany (Salmoniformes: Coregonidae). Ichtyol. Explor. Freshwaters 14: 209216.
  • Skúlason, S. & Smith, T.B. 1995. Resource polymorphisms in vertebrates. TREE 10: 366370.
  • Skúlason, S., Snorrason, S.S. & Jónsson, B. 1999. Sympatric morphs, populations and speciation in freshwater fish with emphasis on Arctic charr. In: Evolution of Biological Diversity (A. E.Magurran & R.May, eds), pp. 7073. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Skurdal, J., Vøllestad, L.A. & Quenild, T. 1985. Comparison of scales and otoliths for age determination of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus. Fish. Res. 3: 237243.
  • Slatkin, M. 1973. Gene flow and selection in a cline. Genetics 75: 733756.
  • Smirnov, V.V. 1992. Intraspecific structure of Baikal Omul, Coregonus autumnalis migratorius (Georgi). Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39: 325333.
  • Smith, G.R. & Todd, T.N. 1984. Evolution of species flocks of fishes in north temperate lakes. In: Evolution of Fish Species Flocks (A. A.Echelle & I.Kornfield, eds), pp. 4568. University of Maine at Orono Press, Orono.
  • Spitze, K. 1993. Population structure in Daphnia obtusa: quantitative genetic and allozymic variation. Genetics 135: 367374.
  • Steinmann, P. 1950a. Monographie der Schweizerischen Koregonen. Beitrag zum problem der entstehung neur arten. Einleitung. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 12: 109189.
  • Steinmann, P. 1950b. Monographie der Schweizerischen Koregonen. Beitrag zum problem der entstehung neur arten. Spezieller teil. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 12: 340491.
  • Steinmann, P. 1951. Monographie der Schweizerischen Koregonen. Beitrag zum problem der entstehung neur arten. Spezieller teil (2nd part). Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 13: 54191.
  • Svärdson, G. 1950. The coregonid problem: II. Morphology of two coregonid species in different environments. Rep. Inst. Freshw. Res., Drottningholm 31: 151162.
  • Svärdson, G. 1957. The coregonid problem. VI. The Palearctic species and their intergrades. Rep. Inst. Freshw. Res., Drottningholm 38: 267356.
  • Svärdson, G. 1979. Speciation of Scandinavian Coregonus. Rep. Inst. Freshw. Res., Drottningholm 57: 195.
  • Svärdson, G. 1998. Postglacial dispersal and reticulate evolution of nordic coregonids. Nordic J. Freshw. Res. 74: 332.
  • Svarvar, P.-O. & Müller, R. 1982. Die felchen des Alpnachersees. Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 44: 295314.
  • Tåning, V. 1958. Experimental study of meristic characters in fishes. Biol. Rev. 27: 169193.
  • Taylor, E.B. 1999. Species pairs of north temperate freshwater fishes: taxonomy, evolution and conservation. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 9: 299324.
  • Taylor, E. & McPhail, J. 2000. Historical contingency and ecological determinism interact to prime speciation in sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 267: 23752384.
  • Todd, T.N. 1998. Environmental modification of gillraker number in coregonine fishes. Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues. Advanc. Limnol. 50: 305315.
  • Todd, T.N. & Smith, G.R. 1992. A review of differentiation in Great Lakes ciscoes. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 39: 261267.
  • Turelli, M., Barton, N. & Coyne, J.A. 2001. Theory and speciation. TREE 16: 330343.
  • Turgeon, J., Estoup, A. & Bernatchez, L. 1999. Species flock in the North American Great Lakes: Molecular ecology of Lake Nipigon ciscoes (Teleostei: Coregonidae: Coregonus). Evolution 53: 18571871.
  • Via, S. & Lande, R. 1985. Genotype–environment interaction and the evolution of phenotypic plasticity. Evolution 39: 505522.
  • Voloshenko, B.B. 1973. A comparative analysis of the feeding of underyearlings of the Pelyad [Coregonus peled (Gmelin)], the Broad whitefish [Coregonus nasus (Pallas)] and their hybrids when reared together. J. Ichtyol. 13: 569576.
  • Wimberger, P.H. 1992. Plasticity of fish body shape. The effects of diet, development, family and age in two species of Geophagus (Pisces; Cichlidae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 45: 197218.
  • Wright, S. 1951. The gentical structure of populations. Ann. Eugenics 15: 323354.