SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abouheif, E. & Fairbairn, D.J. 1997. A comparative analysis of allometry for sexual size dimorphism: assessing Rensch's rule. Am. Nat. 149: 540562.
  • Alayon Garcia, G. & de Armas, L.F. 1990. Observaciones sobre la conducta reproductiva de Argiope trifasciata (Araneae: Araneidae) en el Sur de La Habana. Poeyana 398: 117.
  • Andersson, M. 1994. Sexual Selection. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Andrade, M.C.B. 2003. Risky mate search and male self-sacrifice in redback spiders. Behav. Ecol. 14: 531538.
  • Badyaev, A.V. 2002. Growing apart: an ontogenetic perspective on the evolution of sexual size dimorphism. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17: 369378.
  • Blanckenhorn, W.U. 2000. The evolution of body size: what keeps organisms small? Quart. Rev. Biol. 75: 385407.
  • Blanckenhorn, W.U., Grant, J.W.A. & Fairbairn, D.J. 1998. Monopolization in a resource queue: water striders competing for food and mates. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 42: 6370.
  • Blanckenhorn, W.U., Morf, C., Mühlhäuser, C. & Reusch, T. 1999. Spatiotemporal variation in selection on body size in the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea. J. Evol. Biol. 12: 563576.
  • Bridge, A.P., Elwood, R.W. & Dick, J.T.A. 2000. Imperfect assessment and limited information preclude optimal strategies in male–male fights in the orb-weaving spider Metellina mengei. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267: 273279.
  • Brodie, E.D.I., Moore, A.J. & Janzen, F.J. 1995. Visualizing and quantifying natural selection. Trends Ecol. Evol. 10: 313318.
  • Christenson, T.E. & Goist, K.C. 1979. Costs and benefits of male–male competition in the orb weaving spider, Nephila clavipes. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 5: 8792.
  • Coddington, J.A., Hormiga, G. & Scharff, N. 1997. Giant female or dwarf male spiders? Nature 385: 687688.
  • Darwin, C. 1871. Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man. Murray, London.
  • Elgar, M.A. 1998. Sperm competition and sexual selection in spiders and other arachnids. In: Sperm Competition and Sexual Selection (T. R.Birkhead & A. P.Møller, eds), pp. 307339. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • Elgar, M.A. & Bathgate, R. 1996. Female receptivity and male mate-guarding in the juwel spider Gasteracantha minax Thorell (Araneidae). J. Insect Behav. 9: 729737.
  • Elgar, M.A. & Fahey, B.F. 1996. Sexual cannibalism, competition, and size dimorphism in the orb-weaving spider Nephila plumipes Latreille (Araneae: Araneoidea). Behav. Ecol. 7: 195198.
  • Elgar, M.A., De Crespigny, F.E.C. & Ramamurthy, S. 2003. Male copulation behaviour and the risk of sperm competition. Anim. Behav. 66: 211216.
  • Emlen, S.T. & Oring, L.W. 1977. Ecology, sexual selection, and the evolution of mating systems. Science 197: 215223.
  • Fairbairn, D.J. 1990. Factors influencing sexual size dimorphism in temperate waterstriders. Am. Nat. 136: 6186.
  • Fairbairn, D.J. 1997. Allometry for sexual size dimorphism: pattern and process in the coevolution of body size in males and females. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Sys. 28: 659687.
  • Fairbairn, D.J. & Reeve, J.P. 2001. Natural selection. In: Evolutionary Ecology. Concepts and Case Studies (C. W.Fox, D. A.Roff & D. J.Fairbairn, eds), pp. 3554. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Foelix, R.F. 1996. Biology of Spiders. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Foellmer, M.W. 2004. Sexual Dimorphism and Sexual Selection in the Highly Dimorphic Orb-weaving Spider Argiope aurantia (Lucas), PhD thesis. Concordia University, Montreal, Canada.
  • Foellmer, M.W. & Fairbairn, D.J. 2003. Spontaneous male death during copulation in an orb-weaving spider. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (Suppl.) 270: S183S185.
  • Foellmer, M.W. & Fairbairn, D.J. 2004. Males under attack: sexual cannibalism and its consequences for male morphology and behaviour in an orb-weaving spider. Evol. Ecol. Res. 6: 119.
  • Foellmer, M.W. & Fairbairn, D.J. in press. Selection on male size, leg length and condition during mate search in a sexually highly dimorphic orb-weaving spider. Oecologia. doi: 10.1007/s00442-004-1756-3
  • Gerhardt, U. 1924. Neue Studien zur Sexualbiologie und zur Bedeutung des sexuellen Größendimorphismus der Spinnen. Z. Morph. Ökol. Tiere 1: 507538.
  • Ghiselin, M.T. 1974. The Economy of Nature and the Evolution of Sex. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Grant, J.W.A. & Foam, P.E. 2002. Effect of operational sex ratio on female–female versus male–male competitive aggression. Can. J. Zool. 80: 22422246.
  • Grant, J.W.A., Bryant, M.J. & Soos, C.E. 1995. Operational sex ratio, mediated by synchrony of female arrival, alters the variance of male mating success in Japanese medaka. Anim. Behav. 49: 367375.
  • Grant, J.W.A., Gaboury, C.L. & Levitt, H.L. 2000. Competitor-to-resource ratio, a general formulation of operational sex ratio, as a predictor of competitive aggression in Japanese medaka (Pisces: Oryziidae). Behav. Ecol. 11: 670675.
  • Head, G. 1995. Selection on fecundity and variation in the degree of sexual size dimorphism among spider species (class Araneae). Evolution 49: 776781.
  • Higgins, L. 2002. Female gigantism in a New Guinea population of the spider Nephila maculata. Oikos 99: 377385.
  • Hill, E.M. & Christenson, T.E. 1988. Male residency on juvenile female Nephila clavipes (Araneae: Araneidae) webs. J. Arachnol. 16: 257259.
  • Hormiga, G., Scharff, N. & Coddington, J.A. 2000. The phylogenetic basis of sexual size dimorphism in orb-weaving spiders (Araneae, Orbiculariae). Syst. Biol. 49: 435462.
  • Howell, F.G. & Ellender, R.D. 1984. Observations on growth and diet of Argiope aurantia Lucas (Araneidae) in a successional habitat. J. Arachnol. 12: 2936.
  • Jackson, R.R. 1986. Cohabitation of males and juvenile females: a prevalent mating tactic of spiders. Journal of Natural History 20: 11931210.
  • Jann, P., Blanckenhorn, W.U. & Ward, P.I. 2000. Temporal and microspatial variation in the intensities of natural and sexual selection in the yellow dung fly Scathophaga stercoraria. J. Evol. Biol. 13: 927938.
  • Kleinbaum, D.G., Kupper, L.L., Muller, K.E. & Nizam, A. 1998. Applied Regression Analysis and Other Multivariable Methods. Duxbury Press, Pacific Grove.
  • Krebs, C.J. 1999. Ecological Methodology. Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, CA, USA.
  • Kvarnemo, C. & Ahnesjö, I. 1996. The dynamics of operational sex ratios and competition for mates. Trends Ecol. Evol. 11: 404408.
  • Kvarnemo, C., Forsgren, E. & Magnhagen, C. 1995. Effects of sex ratio on intra- and inter-sexual behaviour in sand gobies. Anim. Behav. 50: 14551461.
  • Lande, R. 1980. Sexual dimorphism, sexual selection, and adaptation in polygenic characters. Evolution 34: 292305.
  • Lande, R. & Arnold, S.J. 1983. The measurement of selection on correlated characters. Evolution 37: 12101226.
  • Lawrence, W.S. 1986. Male choice and competition in Tetraopes tetrapphtalmus: effects of local sex ratio variation. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 18: 289296.
  • LeGrand, R.S. & Morse, D.H. 2000. Factors driving extreme sexual size dimorphism of a sit-and-wait predator under low density. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 643664.
  • Levi, H.W. 1968. The spider genera Gea and Argiope in America (Araneae: Araneidae). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 136: 319352.
  • Lindström, K. & Seppä, T. 1996. The environmental potential for polygyny and sexual selection in the sand goby, Pomatoschistus minutus. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 263: 13191323.
  • Manly, B.F.J. 1992. RT. A Program for Randomization Testing. Version 1.02. The Centre for Applications of Statistics and Mathematics. University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
  • Marshall, S.D. & Gittleman, J.L. 1994. Clutch size in spiders: is more better? Func. Ecol. 8: 118124.
  • McCook, H.C. 1890. American Spiders and Their Spinning Work, Vol II. The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia.
  • Mills, S.C. & Reynolds, J.D. 2003. Operational sex ratio and alternative reproductive behaviours in the European bitterling, Rhodeus sericeus. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 54: 98104.
  • Miyashita, T. 1993. Male–male competition and mating success in the orb-web spider, Nephila clavata, with reference to temporal factors. Ecol. Res. 8: 93102.
  • Moya-Laraño, J., Halaj, J. & Wise, D.H. 2002. Climbing to reach females: Romeo should be small. Evolution 56: 420425.
  • Prenter, J., Montgomery, W.I. & Elwood, R.W. 1995. Multivariate morphometrics and sexual dimorphism in the orb-web spider Metellina segmentata (Clerk, 1757) (Araneae, Metidae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 55: 345354.
  • Prenter, J., Montgomery, W.I. & Elwood, R.W. 1997. Sexual dimorphism in northern temperate spiders: implications for the differential mortality model. J. Zool. 243: 341349.
  • Prenter, J., Elwood, R.W. & Montgomery, W.I. 1998. No association between sexual size dimorphism and life histories in spiders. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265: 5762.
  • Prenter, J., Elwood, R.W. & Montgomery, W.I. 1999. Sexual size dimorphism and reproductive investment by female spiders: a comparative analysis. Evolution 53: 19871994.
  • Punzo, F. 1997. Leg autotomy and avoidance behavior in response to a predator in the wolf spider, Schizocosa avida (Araneae, Lycosidae). J. Arachnol. 25: 202205.
  • Reeve, J.P. & Fairbairn, D.J. 1999. Change in sexual size dimorphism as a correlated response to selection on fecundity. Heredity 83: 697706.
  • Reeve, J.P. & Fairbairn, D.J. 2001. Predicting the evolution of sexual size dimorphism. J. Evol. Biol. 14: 244254.
  • Robinson, M.H. 1982. Courtship and mating behavior in spiders. Ann. Rev. Ent. 27: 120.
  • Robinson, M.H. & Robinson, B. 1980. Comparative studies of the courtship and mating behavior of tropical araneid spiders. Pac. Ins. Monogr. 36: 1218.
  • Roff, D. 2002. Life History Evolution. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland.
  • Schluter, D. 1988. Estimating the form of natural selection on a quantitative trait. Evolution 42: 849861.
  • Schneider, J.M., Herberstein, M.E., de Crespigny, F.E., Ramamurthy, S. & Elgar, M.A. 2000. Sperm competition and small size advantage for males of the golden orb-web spider Nephila edulis. J. Evol. Biol. 13: 939946.
  • Schwagmeyer, P.L. & Woontner, S.J. 1986. Scramble competition polygyny in thirteen-lined ground squirrels: the relative contribution of overt and competitive mate searching. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 19: 359364.
  • SPSS Inc. 1997. SPSS Base 7.5 Applications Guide. SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA.
  • Vollrath, F. 1980. Male body size and fitness in the web-building spider Nephila clavipes. Z. Tierpsychol. 53: 6178.
  • Vollrath, F. 1998. Dwarf males. Trends Ecol. Evol. 13: 159163.
  • Vollrath, F. & Parker, G.A. 1992. Sexual dimorphism and distorted sex ratios in spiders. Nature 360: 156159.
  • Walker, S.E. & Rypstra, A.L. 2003. Sexual dimorphism and the differential mortality model: is behaviour related to survival? Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 78: 97103.
  • Weir, L.K. & Grant, J.W.A. 2004. The causes of resource monopolization: interaction between resource dispersion and mode of competition. Ethology 110: 6374.
  • Zar, J.H. 1996. Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.