SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Axelrod, H.R. & Burgess, W.E. 1988. African Cichlids of Lake Malawi and Tanganyika. TFH Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
  • Bagenal, T.B. 1966. A short review of fish fecundity. In: The Biological Basis of Freshwater Fish Production (S. D.Gerking, ed.), pp. 89111. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford.
  • Barlow, G.W. 1991. Mating systems among cichlid fishes. In: Cichlid Fishes. Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution (M. H. A.Keenleyside, ed.), pp. 173190. Chapman and Hall, New York.
  • Barlow, G.W. 2000. Cichlid Fishes. Nature's Grand Experiment in Evolution. Perseus Books, Cambridge.
  • Bennett, P.M. & Owens, I.P.F. 2002. Evolutionary Ecology of Birds. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Blackburn, T.M. 1991. Evidence for a ‘fast-slow’ continuum of life history traits among parasitoid Hymenoptera. Funct. Ecol. 5: 6574.
  • Blaxter, J.H.S. 1969. Development: eggs and larvae. In: Fish Physiology 3 (W. S.Hoar & D. J.Randall, eds), pp. 177252. Academic Press, New York.
  • Brichard, P. 1989. Pierre Brichard's Book of Cichlids and all other Fishes of Lake Tanganika. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ.
  • Cézilly, F., Dubois, F. & Pagel, M. 2000. Is mate fidelity related to site fidelity? A comparative analysis in Ciconiiforms. Anim. Behav. 59: 11431152.
  • Cichocki, F.P. 1976. Cladistic History of Cichlid Fishes and Reproductive Strategies of the American Genera Acarichthys, Biotodoma and Geophagus. PhD thesis, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
  • Coleman, R. 2002. Cichlid egg size data. Cichlid research homepage. URL http://www.cichlidresearch.com/
  • Conkel, D. 1993. Cichlids of North and Central America. TFH Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
  • Einum, S., Kinnison, M.T. & Hendry, A.P. 2004. Evolution of egg size and number. In: Evolution Illuminated: Salmon and Their Relatives (A. P.Hendry & S. C.Stearns, eds), pp. 126153. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Elgar, M.A. 1990. Evolutionary compromise between a few large and many small eggs: comparative evidence in teleost fish. Oikos 59: 283287.
  • Gashagaza, M.M. 1991. Diversity of breeding habits in lamprologine cichlids in Lake Tanganyika. Phys. Ecol. Jpn. 28: 2965.
  • Farias, I.P., Orti, G., Sampaio, I., Schneider, H. & Meyer, A. 2001. The cytochrome b gene as a phylogenetic marker: the limits of resolution for analyzing relationships among cichlid fishes. J. Mol. Evol. 53: 89103.
  • Felsenstein, J. 1985. Phylogenies and the comparative method. Am. Nat. 125: 115.
  • Fleming, I.A. & Gross, M.R. 1990. Latitudinal clines: a trade-off between egg number and size in Pacific Salmon. Ecology 71: 111.
  • Froese, R. & Pauly, D. (eds) 2002) FishBase (On-line). URL http://www.fishbase.org.
  • Garcia-Barros, E. 2000. Body size, egg size, and their interspecific relationships with ecological and life history traits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 70: 251284.
  • Goodwin, N.B., Balshine-Earn, S. & Reynolds, J.D. 1998. Evolutionary transitions in parental care in cichlid fish. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 265: 22652272.
  • Harvey, P.H. & Purvis, A. 1999. Understanding the ecological and evolutionary reasons for life history variation: mammals as a case study. In: Advanced Ecological Theory: Principles and Applications (J. M.McGlade, ed.), pp. 232248. Blackwell, Oxford.
  • Harvey, P.H. & Pagel, M.D. 1991. The Comparative Method in Evolutionary Biology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.
  • Hulsey, C.D., de León, F.J.G., Johnson, Y.S., Hendrickson, D.A. & Neara, T.J. 2004. Temporal diversification of Mesoamerican cichlid fishes across a major biogeographic boundary. Mol. Phyl. Evol. 31: 754764.
  • Kawanabe, H., Hori, M. & Nagoshi, M. (eds) 1997. Fish Communities in Lake Tanganyika. Kyoto University Press, Japan.
  • Keenleyside, M.H.A. (ed.) 1991. Cichlid Fishes: Behaviour, Ecology and Evolution. Chapman and Hall, London.
  • Klett, V. & Meyer, A. 2002. What, if anything, is a Tilapia? – Mitochondrial ND2 phylogeny of tilapiines and the evolution of parental care systems in cichlid fishes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19: 865883.
  • Koblmüller, S., Salzburger, W. & Sturmbauer, C. 2004. Evolutionary relationships in the sand-dwelling cichlid lineage of lake Tanganyika suggest multiple colonization of rocky habitats and convergent origin of biparental mouthbrooding. J. Mol. Evol. 58: 7996.
  • Kolm, N., Goodwin, N.B., Balshine, S. & Reynolds, J.D. 2005. Life history evolution in cichlids 1 revisiting the evolution of life histories in relation to parental care. J. Evol. Biol. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2005.00984.x
  • Konings, A. 1990. Cichlids and All other Fishes of Lake Malawi. TFH Publications, Neptune City, NJ.
  • Krüger, O. & Davies, N.B. 2002. The evolution of cuckoo parasitism: a comparative analysis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 269: 375381.
  • Kullander, S.O. & Nijseen, H. 1989. The Cichlids of Surinam. EJ Brill, Netherlands.
  • Linke, H. & Staeck, W. 1994. The American Cichlids, Dwarf Cichlids: A Handbook for Their Identification, Maintenance and Breeding. Tetra Verlag, Germany.
  • Linke, H. & Staek, W. 1996a. Cichlids from West Africa. Tetra Press, USA.
  • Linke, H. & Staek, W. 1996b. Cichlids from Eastern Africa. Tetra Press, USA.
  • Lloyd, D.C. 1987. Selection of offspring size at independence and other size-versus-number strategies. Am. Nat. 129: 800817.
  • Loiselle, P.V. 1985. The Cichlid Aquarium. Tetra Press, Melle, Germany.
  • Lowe-McConnell, R.H. 1955. The fecundity of Tilapia species. East Afr. Agr. J. 21: 4552.
  • Lowe-McConnell, R.H. 1959. Breeding behaviour patterns and ecological differences between Tilapia species and their significance for evolution within the genus Tilapia (Pisces: Cichlidae). Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 132: 130.
  • Lowe-McConnell, R.H. 1969. The cichlid fishes of Guyana, South America, with notes on their ecology and breeding behaviour. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 48: 255302.
  • Pagel, M. 1994. Detecting correlated evolution on phylogenies: a general method for the comparative analysis of discrete characters. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 255: 3745.
  • Pagel, M. 1997. Inferring evolutionary processes from phylogenies. Zool. Scr. 26: 331348.
  • Pagel, M. 1999a. Inferring the historical patterns of biological evolution. Nature 401: 877884.
  • Pagel, M. 1999b. The maximum likelihood approach to reconstructing ancestral character states of discrete characters on phylogenies. Syst. Biol. 48: 612622.
  • Parker, G.A. & Begon, M. 1986. Optimal egg size and clutch size: effects of environmental and maternal phenotype. Am. Nat. 128: 573592.
  • Poulin, R. 1995. Clutch size and egg size in free-living and parasitic copepods: a comparative analysis. Evolution 49: 325336.
  • Richter, H.J. 1989. Complete Book of Dwarf Cichlids. TFH Publications, New York.
  • Roff, D.A. 1992. The Evolution of Life Histories: Theory and Analysis. Chapman and Hall, New York, USA.
  • Roff, D.A. 2002. Life History Evolution. Sinauer Associates, Massachusetts, USA.
  • Rolland, C., Danchin, E. & de Fraipont, M. 1998. The evolution of coloniality in birds in relation to food, habitat, predation, and life-history traits: a comparative analysis. Am. Nat. 151: 514529.
  • Salzburger, W., Meyer, A., Baric, S., Verheyen, E. & Sturmbauer, C. 2002. Phylogeny of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid species flock and its relationship to the Central and East African Haplochromine cichlid fish faunas. Syst. Biol. 51: 113135.
  • Schwarzkopf, L., Blows, M.W. & Caley, M.J. 1999. Life-history consequences of divergent selection on egg size in Drosophila melanogaster. Am. Nat. 154: 333341.
  • Sinervo, B. & Doughty, P. 1996. Interactive effects of offspring size and timing of reproduction on offspring reproduction: experimental, maternal and quantitative genetic aspects. Evolution 50: 13141327.
  • Smith, C.C. & Fretwell, S.D. 1974. The optimal balance between size and number of offspring. Am. Nat. 108: 499506.
  • Snyder, R.J. 1990. Clutch size of anadromous and freshwater threespine stickle-backs: a reassessment. Can. J. Zool. 68: 20272030.
  • Snyder, R.J. 1991. Quantitative genetic analysis of life-histories in two freshwater populations of the threespine stickleback. Copeia 2: 526529.
  • Stawikowski, R. & Werner, U. 1998. Die Buntbarsche Amerikas. 1. Ulmer, Stuttgart, Germany.
  • Stearns, S.C. 1992. The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.
  • Tanasichuk, R.W. & Ware, D.M. 1987. Influence of interannual variations in winter sea temperature on fecundity and egg size in pacific herring (Clupea-harengus-pallasi). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 44: 14851495.
  • Trewavas, E., Green, J. & Corbet, S.A. 1972. Ecological studies on crater lakes in West Cameroon. Fishes of Barombi Mbo. J. Zool. 167: 4195.
  • Trewavas, E. 1983. Tilapiine Fishes of the Genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Museum of Natural History, London.
  • Wootton, R.J. 1979. Energy costs of egg production and environmental determinants of fecundity in teleost fishes. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 44: 133159.