SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ackery, P.R. 1991. Hostplant utilization by African and Australian butterflies. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 44: 335351.
  • Ackery, P.R., De Jong, R. & Vane-Wright, R.I. 1999. The butterflies: Hedyloidea, Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea. In: Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1. Evolution, Systematics and Biogeography (N. P.Kristensen, ed), pp. 263300. de Gruyter, Berlin.
  • Ackery, P.R., Smith, C.R. & Vane-Wright, R.I. 1995. Carcasson's African Butterflies. An Annotated Catalogue of the Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea of the Afrotropical Region. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
  • APG II 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group: classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141: 399436.
  • Barney, C.W., Hawksworth, F.G. & Geils, B.W. 1998. Hosts of Viscum album. Eur. J. For. Pathol. 28: 187208.
  • Beccaloni, G.W. 1997. Ecology, natural history and behaviour of ithomiine butterflies and their mimics in Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Ithomiinae). Trop. Lepidoptera 8: 103124.
  • Boggs, C.L., Watt, W.B. & Ehrlich, P.R. (eds) 2003. Butterflies: Evolution and Ecology Taking Flight. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
  • Braby, M.F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia. Their Identification, Biology and Distribution. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
  • Braby, M.F. 2005a. Afrotropical mistletoe butterflies: larval food plant relationships of Mylothris Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). J. Nat. His. 39: 499513.
  • Braby, M.F. 2005b. Provisional checklist of genera of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Zootaxa 832: 116.
  • Braby, M.F., Trueman, J.W.H. & Eastwood, R.G. 2005. When and where did troidine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) evolve? Phylogenetic and biogeographic evidence suggests an origin in remnant Gondwanan in the Late Cretaceous. Invertebr. Syst. 19: 113143.
  • Braby, M.F., Pierce, N.E. & Vila, R. 2006a. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the subtribe Aporiina (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): implications for the origin of Australian butterflies. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. in press.
  • Braby, M.F., Vila, R. & Pierce, N.E. 2006b. Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea): higher classification and biogeography. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. in press.
  • Bremer, K., Friis, E.M. & Bremer, B. 2004. Molecular phylogenetic dating of asterid flowering plants shows Early Cretaceous diversification. Syst. Biol. 53: 496505.
  • Bridges, C.A. 1988. Catalogue of Papilionidae and Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Charles A. Bridges, Urbana, IL, USA.
  • Chase, M.W., Soltis, D.E., Olmstead, R.G., Morgan, D., Les, D.H., Mishler, B.D., Duvall, M.R., Price, R.A., Hills, H.G., Qiu, Y.L., Kron, K.A., Rettig, J.H., Conti, E., Palmer, J.D., Manhart, J.R., Sytsma, K.J., Michael, H.J., Kress, W.J., Karol, K.A., Clark, W.D., Hedrén, M., Gaut, B.S., Jansen, R.K., Kim, K.J., Wimpee, C.F., Smith, J.F., Furnier, G.R., Strauss, S.H., Xiang, Q.Y., Plunkett, G.M., Soltis, P.S., Swensen, S.M., Williams, S.E., Gadek, P.A., Quinn, C.J., Eguiarte, L.E., Golenberg, E., Learn, G.H., Graham, S.W.J., Barrett, S.C.H., Dayanandan, S. & Albert, V.A. 1993. Phylogenetics of seed plants: an analysis of nucleotide sequences from the plastid gene rbcL. Ann. MO. Bot. Gard. 80: 528580.
  • Chew, F.S. 1988. Searching for defensive chemistry in the Cruciferae, or, do glucosinolates always control interactions of Cruciferae with their potential herbivores and symbionts? No! In: Chemical Mediation of Coevolution (K. C.Spencer, ed), pp. 81112. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.
  • Chew, F.S. & Robbins, R.K. 1984. Egg-laying in butterflies. In: The Biology of Butterflies. Symposium of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Volume 11 (R. I.Vane-Wright & P. R.Ackery, eds), pp. 6579. Academic Press, London, UK.
  • Cole, W.E. 1961. Pine butterfly. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Forest Pest Leaflet 66: 14.
  • Corbet, A.S. & Pendlebury, H.M. 1992. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, 4th edn. Revised by Lt. Col. Eliot, J.N edn. Malayan Nature Society, KL.
  • Courtney, S.P. 1986. The ecology of pierid butterflies: dynamics and interactions. Adv. Ecol. Res. 15: 51131.
  • Crane, P.R., Friis, E.M. & Pedersen, K.R. 1995. The origin and early diversification of angiosperms. Nature 374: 2733.
  • Dettmann, M.E. 1994. Cretaceous vegetation: the microfossil record. In: History of the Australian Vegetation: Cretaceous to Recent (R. S.Hill, ed), pp. 143170. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Devkota, M.P. & Glatzel, G. 2005. Mistletoes of the Annapurna conservation Area of the Central Nepal Himalayas: diversity, distribution and biology. J. Jpn. Bot. 80: 2736.
  • DeVries, P.J. 1987. The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Dixey, F.A. 1920. The geographical factor in mimicry. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 120, 208211.
  • Doyle, J.J., Chappill, J.A., Bailey, C.D. & Kajita, T. 2000. Towards a comprehensive phylogeny of legumes: evidence from rbcL sequences and nonmolecular data. In: Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9 (P. S.Herendeen & A.Bruneau, eds), pp. 120. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK.
  • Ehrlich, P.R. & Raven, P.H. 1965. Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. Evolution 18: 586608.
  • Evenden, J.C. 1926. The pine butterfly, Neophasia menapia Felder. J. Agric. Res. 33: 339344.
  • Farrell, B.D. 1998. Inordinate fondness explained: why are there so many beetles? Science 281: 555559.
  • Farrell, B.D. & Mitter, C. 1994. Adaptive radiation in insects and plants: time and opportunity. Am. Zool. 34: 5769.
  • Farrell, B.D. & Sequeira, A.S. 2004. Evolutionary rates in the adaptive radiation of beetles on plants. Evolution 58: 19842001.
  • Feeny, P.P. 1977. Defensive ecology of the Cruciferae. Ann. MO. Bot. Gard. 64: 221234.
  • Ferris, C.D. 1980. Superfamily Papilionoidea Latreille, 1809 (whites, orange tips, marbles, sulphurs). In: Butterflies of the Rocky Mountain States (C. D.Ferris & F. M.Brown, eds). University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
  • Finn, F. 1897. Contributions to the theory of warning colours and mimicry. No. IV. Experiments with various birds. Summary and conclusions. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 66: 613668.
  • Grimaldi, D. 1999. The co-radiations of pollinating insects and angiosperms in the Cretaceous. Ann. MO. Bot. Gard. 86: 373406.
  • Hawksworth, F.G. & Wiens, D. 1972. Biology and Classification of Dwarf Mistletoes (Arceuthobium). USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Hawksworth, F.G. & Wiens, D. 1996. Dwarf Mistletoes: Biology, Pathology, and Systematics. USDA Forest Service, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Heath, A. 1977. Early stages of a remarkable species of African Pieridae (Lepidoptera). Arnoldia Rhod. 8: 13.
  • Henning, G.A., Henning, S.F., Joannou, J.G. & Woodhall, S.E. 1997. Living Butterflies of Southern Africa. Biology, Ecology and Conservation. Volume I. Hesperiidae, Papilionidae and Pieridae of South Africa. Umdaus Press, Hatfield, South Africa.
  • Hill, R.S., Truswell, E.M., McLoughlin, S. & Dettman, M.E. 1999. Evolution of the Australian flora: fossil evidence. In: Flora of Australia. Volume 1. Introduction (A. E.Orchard & H. S.Thompson, eds), pp. 251320. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, Australia.
  • Howe, W.H. 1975. The Butterflies of North America. Doubleday & Company, NY, USA.
  • Igarashi, S. & Fukuda, H. 1997. The Life Histories of Asian Butterflies. Volume 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo.
  • Janz, N., Nyblom, K. & Nylin, S. 2001. Evolutionary dynamics of host-plant specialization: a case study of the tribe Nymphalini. Evolution 55: 783796.
  • Janz, N. & Nylin, S. 1998. Butterflies and plants: a phylogenetic study. Evolution 52: 486502.
  • Jermy, T. 1984. Evolution of insect/host plant relationships. Am. Nat. 124: 609630.
  • Jerome, C.A. & Ford, B.A. 2002. The discovery of three genetic races of the dwarf mistletoe Arceuthobium americanum (Viscaceae) provides insight into the evolution of parasitic plants. Mol. Ecol. 11: 387405.
  • Kajita, T., Ohashi, H., Tateishi, Y., Bailey, C.D. & Doyle, J.J. 2001. rbcL and legume phylogeny, with particular reference to Phaseoleae, Millettieae, and Allies. Syst. Bot. 26: 515536.
  • Kevan, P.G. & Bye, R.A. 1991. The natural history, sociobiology, and ethnobiology of Eucheira socialis Westwood (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), a unique and little-known butterfly from Mexico. The Entomologist 110: 146165.
  • Kielland, J. 1990. Butterflies of Tanzania. Hill House, Melbourne.
  • Kingsolver, J.G. 1987. Predation, thermoregulation, and wing color in pierid butterflies. Oecologia 73: 301306.
  • Kristensen, N.P. & Skalski, A.W. 1999. Phylogeny and Palaeontology. In: Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics and Biogeography. (N. P.Kristensen, ed), pp. 725. de Gruyter, Berlin.
  • Labandeira, C.C., Dilcher, D.L., Davis, D.R. & Wagner, D.L. 1994. Ninety-seven million years of angiosperm-insect association: paleobiological insights into the meaning of coevolution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91: 1227812282.
  • Lamas, G. 2004. Pieridae. In: Checklist: Part 4A. Hesperioidea-Papilionoidea. (G.Lamas, ed). Association for Tropical Lepidoptera/Scientific Publishers, Gainesville.
  • Larsen, T. 1991. Butterflies of Kenya and Their Natural History. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Lavin, M., Herendeen, P.S. & Wojciechowski, M.F. 2005. Evolutionary rates analysis of Leguminosae implicates a rapid diversification of lineages during the Tertiary. Syst. Biol. 54: 575594.
  • Layberry, R.A., Hall, P.W. & Lafontaine, J.D. 1998. The Butterflies of Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
  • Ley, C. & Watt, W.B. 1989. Testing the ‘mimicry’ explanation for the Coliasalba’ polymorphism: palatability of Colias and other butterflies to wild bird predators. Funct. Ecol. 3: 183192.
  • Lidgard, S. & Crane, P.R. 1988. Quantitative analysis of the early angiosperm radiation. Nature 331: 344346.
  • Lyytinen, A., Alatalo, R.V., Lindström, L. & Mappes, J. 2001. Are European white butterflies aposematic? Evol. Ecol. 13: 709719.
  • Maddison, W.P. & Maddison, D.R. 1999. MacClade: Analysis of Phylogeny and Character Evolution, version 3.08a for Macintosh. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
  • Magallón, S.A. & Sanderson, M.J. 2001. Absolute diversification rates in angiosperm clades. Evolution 55: 17621780.
  • Miller, J.S. 1987. Host-plant relationships in the Papilionidae (Lepidoptera): parallel cladogenesis or colonization? Cladistics 3: 105120.
  • Mitter, C., Farrell, B.D. & Wiegmann, B.M. 1988. The phylogenetic study of adaptive zones: has phytophagy promoted insect diversification? Am. Nat. 132: 107128.
  • Mooney, K.A. 2003. Promylea lunigerella glendella Dyar (Pyralidae) feeds on both conifers and parasitic dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium spp.): one example of food plant shifting between parasitic plants and their hosts. J. Lepidopterists’ Soc. 57: 4753.
  • Morinaka, S. & Yata, O. 1994. A new subspecies of Prioneris autothisbe (Huber) (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) from Bali, Indonesia. Jpn. J. Entomol. 62: 2228.
  • Müller, C., Agerbirk, N. & Olsen, C.E. 2003. Lack of sequestration of host plant glucosinolates in Pieris rapae and P. brassicae. Chemoecology 13: 4754.
  • Nickrent, D.L., Duff, R.J., Colwell, A.E., Wolfe, A.D., Young, N.D., Steiner, K.E. & DePamphilis, C.W. 1998. Molecular phylogenetic and evolutionary studies of parasitic plants. In: Molecular Systematics of Plants II: DNA Sequencing (D. E.Soltis, P. S.Soltis & J. J.Doyle, eds), pp. 211241. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.
  • Nickrent, D.L. & Franchina, C.R. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships of the Santalales and relatives. J. Mol. Evol. 31: 294301.
  • Nickrent, D.L., Garcia, M.A., Martin, M.P. & Mathiasen, R.L. 2004. A phylogeny of all species of Arceuthobium (Viscaceae) using nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences. Am. J. Bot. 91: 125138.
  • Nickrent, D.L. & Soltis, D.E. 1995. A comparison of angiosperm phylogenies from nuclear 18S rDNA and rbcL sequences. Ann. MO. Bot. Gard. 82: 208234.
  • Norton, D.A. & Carpenter, M.A. 1998. Mistletoes as parasites: host specificity and speciation. Trends Ecol. Evol. 13: 101105.
  • Orr, A.G. 1999. Evidence for unpalatability in the genus Delias Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) and its role in mimetic assemblages. Aust. Entomologist 26: 4552.
  • Parsons, M.J. 1998. The Butterflies of Papua New Guinea. Their Systematics and Biology. Academic Press, London.
  • Peña, L.E. & Ugarté, A.J. 1996. Las Mariposas de Chile. Editorial Universitaria, Santiago.
  • Powell, J.A. 1980. Evolution of larval food preferences in microlepidoptera. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 25: 133159.
  • Powell, J.A., Mitter, C. & Farrell, B.D. 1999. Evolution of larval food preferences in Lepidoptera. In: Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics and Biogeography. (N. P.Kristensen, ed), pp. 403422. de Gruyter, Berlin.
  • Rask, L., Andréasson, E., Ekbom, B., Eriksson, S., Pontoppidan, B. & Meijer, J. 2000. Myrosinase: gene family evolution and herbivore defense in Brassicaceae. Plant Mol. Biol. 42: 93113.
  • Robinson, G.S., Ackery, P.R., Kitching, I.J., Beccaloni, G.W. & Hernández, L.M. 2001. Hostplants of the Moth and Butterfly Caterpillars of the Oriental Region. Southdene Sdn Bhd and Malaysian Nature Society, Malaysia.
  • Robinson, G.S., Ackery, P.R., Kitching, I.J., Beccaloni, G.W. & Hernández, L.M. 2002. Hostplants of the Moth and Butterfly Caterpillars of America North of Mexico. The American Entomological Institute, Gainsville, FL.
  • Rodman, J.E. 1991. A taxonomic analysis of glucosinolate-producing plants, part 2: cladistics. Syst. Bot. 16: 619629.
  • Rodman, J.E., Price, R.A., Karol, K.A., Conti, E., Sytsma, K.J. & Palmer, J.D. 1993. Nucleotide sequences of the rbcL gene indicate monophyly of mustard oil plants. Ann. MO. Bot. Gard. 80: 686699.
  • Rodman, J.E., Soltis, P.S., Soltis, D.E., Sytsma, K.J. & Karol, K.A. 1998. Parallel evolution of glucosinolate biosynthesis inferred from congruent nuclear and plastid gene phylogenies. Am. J. Bot. 85: 9971006.
  • Scott, J.A. 1985. The phylogeny of butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea). J. Res. Lepidoptera 23: 241281.
  • Scott, J.A. 1986. The Butterflies of North America. A Natural History and Field Guide. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
  • Sequeira, A.S., Normark, B.B. & Farrell, B.D. 2000. Evolutionary assembly of the conifer fauna: distinguishing ancient from recent associations in bark beetles. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267: 23592366.
  • Shapiro, A.M. 1990. The life histories and behaviour of the Patagonia-Fuegian white butterflies Hypsochila microdice and H. galactodice (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 98: 461473.
  • Shapiro, A.M. 1991a. The biology and zoogeography of the legume-feeding Patagonian-Fuegian white butterfly Tatochila theodice (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 99: 252260.
  • Shapiro, A.M. 1991b. The zoogeography and systematics of the Argentine Andean and Patagonian Pierid Fauna. J. Res. Lepidoptera 28: 137238.
  • Shields, O. 1976. Fossil butterflies and the evolution of Lepidoptera. J. Res. Lepidoptera 15: 132143.
  • Shields, O. 1988. Mesozoic history and neontology of Lepidoptera in relation to Trichoptera, Mecoptera, and angiosperms. J. Paleontol. 62: 251258.
  • Soltis, P.S., Soltis, D.E. & Chase, M.W. 1999. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from multiple genes: a research tool for comparative biology. Nature 402: 402404.
  • Strong, D.R., Lawton, J.H. & Southwood, R. 1984. Insects on Plants: Community Patterns and Mechanisms. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Tindale, N.B. 1981. The origin of the Lepidoptera relative to Australia. In: Ecological Biogeography of Australia (A.Keast, ed), pp. 957976. Dr. W. Junk bv Publishers, The Hague.
  • Tolman, T. 1997. Collins Field Guide. Butterflies of Britain and Europe. HarperCollins, London.
  • Underwood, D.L.A. 1994. Intraspecific variability in host plant quality and ovipositional preferences in Eucheira socialis (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Ecol. Entomol. 19: 245256.
  • Vane-Wright, R.I. 1978. Ecological and behavioural origins of diversity in butterflies. In: Diversity of Insect Faunas. Symposia of the Royal Entomological Society of London: No. 9 (L. A.Mound & N.Waloff, eds), pp. 5670. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  • Venables, B.A.B. 1993. Phylogeny of the White and Sulphur Butterflies (Pieridae). Unpublished dissertation project proposal. Unpublished dissertation project proposal, Made available by Dr R. K. Robbins, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
  • Wahlberg, N. 2001. The phylogenetics and biochemistry of host-plant specialization in Melitaeine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Evolution 55: 522537.
  • Wahlberg, N., Braby, M.F., Brower, A.V.Z., De Jong, R., Lee, M.-M., Nylin, S., Pierce, N.E., Sperling, F.A.H., Vila, R., Warren, A.D. & Zakharov, E. 2005. Synergistic effects of combining morphological and molecular data in resolving the phylogeny of butterflies and skippers. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 272: 15771586.
  • Weintraub, J.D. 1995. Host plant association patterns and phylogeny in the tribe Troidini (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). In: Swallowtail Butterflies: Their Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (J. M.Scriber, Y.Tsubaki & R. C.Lederhouse, eds), pp. 307316. Scientific Publishers, Gainesville.
  • White, M.E. 1998. The Greening of Gondwana, 3rd edn. Kangaroo Press, East Roseville, NSW.
  • Wiens, D. & Barlow, B.A. 1971. The cytogeography and relationships of the viscaceous and eremolepidaceous mistletoes. Taxon 20: 313332.
  • Wikström, N., Savolainen, V. & Chase, M.W. 2001. Evolution of the angiosperms: calibrating the family tree. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268: 22112220.
  • Wikström, N., Savolainen, V. & Chase, M.W. 2003. Angiosperm divergence times: congruence and incongruence between fossils and sequence divergence estimates. In: Telling the Evolutionary Time: Molecular Clocks and the Fossil Record (P. C. J.Donoghue & M. P.Smith, eds), pp. 142165. Taylor & Francis, London, UK.
  • Wittstock, U., Agerbirk, N., Stauber, E.J., Olsen, C.E., Hippler, M., Mitchell-Olds, T., Gershenzon, J. & Vogel, H. 2004. Successful herbivore attack due to metabolic diversion of a plant chemical defense. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101: 48594864.
  • Wojciechowski, M.F., Lavin, M. & Sanderson, M.J. 2004. A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported subclades within the family. Am. J. Bot. 91: 18461862.
  • Wynter-Blyth, M.A. 1957. Butterflies of the Indian Region, 1st edn. The Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay.
  • Yagishita, A., Nakano, S. & Morita, S. 1993. An Illustrated List of the Genus Delias Hübner of the World. Khepera Publishers, Tokyo.
  • Yata, O. 1985. Part 1: Pieridae. In: Butterflies of the South East Asian islands. II: Pieridae, Danaidae. (E.Tsukada, ed), pp. 33120, 205438. Plapac, Tokyo.
  • Yen, S.-H., Robinson, G.S. & Quicke, D.L.J. 2005. The phylogenetic relationships of Chalcosiinae (Lepidoptera, Zygaenoidea, Zygaenidae). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 143: 161.
  • Zeuner, F.E. 1962. Notes on the evolution of the Rhopalocera (Lep.). 11th Int. Congr. Entomol. 1: 310313.