Investigating Müllerian mimicry: predator learning and variation in prey defences
Article first published online: 11 SEP 2006
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Volume 20, Issue 2, pages 780–791, March 2007
How to Cite
IHALAINEN, E., LINDSTRÖM, L. and MAPPES, J. (2007), Investigating Müllerian mimicry: predator learning and variation in prey defences. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 20: 780–791. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2006.01234.x
- Issue published online: 11 SEP 2006
- Article first published online: 11 SEP 2006
- Received 16 May 2006; revised 19 July 2006; accepted 31 July 2006
- 1996. Tracking the evolution of warning signals. Nature.. 382: 708–710. &
- 2005. Plant secondary compouns and the frequency of food types affect food choice by mammalian herbivores. Ecology. 86: 2450–2460. &
- 2005. Müllerian mimicry: an examination of fisher's theory of gradual evolutionary change. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 272: 2269–2275. &
- 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the amazon valley lepidoptera: Heliconidae. Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23: 495–556.
- 2004. The evolution of müllerian mimicry in multispecies communities. Nature.. 431: 63–67. , &
- 1990. The behaviour of grey jays, perisoreus canadensis, towards palatable and unpalatable lepidoptera. Anim. Behav. 39: 699–705. &
- 1958. Experimental studies of mimicry in some north american butterflies part i the monarch, Danaus plexippus, and viceroy, Limenitis archippus archippus. Evolution. 12: 32–47.
- 1963. Experimental studies of mimicry 7. Relative palatability and müllerian mimicry among neotropical butterflies of the subfamily heliconiinae. Zool. N. Y. Zool. Soc. 48: 65–81. , &
- 1968. Ecological chemistry and the palatability spectrum. Science. 161: 1349–1350. , , &
- 1993. Mimicry and the eye of the beholder. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 253: 203–204. &
- 1993. Imperfect mimicry: a pigeon's perspective. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 251: 195–200. , , , &
- 1992. Genetic component of variation in chemical defence of Oreina gloriosa (coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 18: 1375–1387. &
- 1927. On some objections to mimicry theory; statistical and genetic. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 75: 269–278.
- 1958. The General Theory of Natural Selection. Denver Publication, New York.
- 1977. The effect of distastefulness of the model on the predation of artificial batesian mimics. Anim. Behav. 25: 660–665. &
- 2006. Does colour matter? The importance of colour in avoidance learning, memorability and generalisation. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 60: 482–491. , , &
- 1976. Studies of warning coloration and mimicry. Vii. Evolutionary consequences of batesian-müllerian spectrum: a model for müllerian mimicry. Evolution. 30: 86–93.
- 1980. Studies in warning coloration and mimicry vii. Further evidence for a frequency-dependent model of predation. J. Herpetol. 14: 223–230.
- 1988. Mathematical models of mimicry. Am. Nat. 131: S22–S41.
- 1998. Diversity in mimicry: paradox or paradigm? TREE. 13: 461–466. &
- 2001. Three-butterfly system provides a field test of müllerian mimicry. Nature. 409: 338–340.
- 2003. Alternative prey can change model-mimic dynamics between paratism and mutualism. Ecol. Lett. 6: 1068–1076. , &
- 2004. Specialized avian predators repeatedly attack novel color morphs of Heliconius butterflies. Evolution. 58: 2783–2787.
- 2006. Rufous-tailed jacamars and aposematic butterflies: do older birds attack novel prey? Behav. Eco. 17: 285–290.
- 1997. Imperfect batesian mimicry – the effects of the frequency and the distastefulness of the model. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 264: 149–153. , &
- 2006. Relative importance of taste and visual appearance for predator education in müllerian mimicry. Anim. Behav. 72: 323–333. , , &
- 1998. Predator discrimination error and the benefits of müllerian mimicry. Anim. Behav. 55: 1281–1288. &
- 1999. Causes and consequences of a lack of coevolution in müllerian mimicry. Evol. Ecol. 13: 777–806.
- 2001. Mimicry: an interface between psychology and evolution. PNAS. 98: 8928–8930.
- 1989. Strong natural selection in a warning-color hybrid zone. Evolution. 43: 421–431. &
- 1999. Evolution of diversity in warning color and mimicry: polymorphisms, shifting balance and speciation. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 30: 201–233. &
- 1997. Batesian mimicry and signal accuracy. Evolution. 51: 2050–2053. &
- 1999. Neophobia and dietary conservatism: two distinct processes?. Evol. Ecol. 13: 641–653. &
- 1908. On diaposematism with reference to some limitations of the müllerian hypothesis of mimicry. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Lond. I: 93–142.
- 1879. Ituna and thyridia: a remarkable case of mimicry in butterflies. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Lond. XX-XXIX.
- 2002. Sequestration of defensife substances from plants by lepidoptera. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 47: 57–92.
- 1984. Mathematical paradigm for mimicry: recurrent sampling. J. Theor. Biol. 109: 217–247. &
- 1997. Animal Learning and Cognition. An Introduction. Psychology Press, Hove, UK.
- 1971. The effects of predation on artificial mimetic polymorphisms with perfect and imperfect mimics at varying frequencies. Evolution. 25: 365–370. &
- 1890. The Colours of Animals Their Meaning and Use Especially Considered in the Case of Insects. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. Ltd, London.
- 1996. Hidden colour aversions in domestic chicks triggered by pyrazine odours of insect warning displays. Nature. 383: 520–522. &
- 2004. The importance of pattern similarity between müllerian mimics in predator avoidance learning. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 271: 407–413. , &
- 2004. Avoiding Attack – The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry. Oxford University Press, Oxford. , &
- 1995. On the relative acceptabilities of local butterflies and moths to local birds. J. Lepid. Soc. 49: 148–162.
- 1985. On the function of warning coloration: a black and yellow pattern inhibits prey-attack by naive domestic chicks. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 16: 249–255. &
- 1985. Genetics and the evolution of muellerian mimicry in heliconius butterflies. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 308: 433–613. , , , &
- 2003. The evolution of warning signals as reliable indicators of prey defence. Am. Nat. 162: 377–389. &
- 2004. Natural selection on unpalatable species imposed by state-dependent foraging behaviour. J. Theor. Biol. 228: 217–226. , &
- 2004. Tasting the difference: do multiple defence chemicals interact in müllerian mimicry? Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 272: 339–345. &
- 1975. Innate recognition of coral snake pattern by a possible avian pradator. Science. 187: 759–760.
- 1977. Coral-snake pattern recognition and stimulus generalisation by naive great kiskadees (aves: Tyrannidae). Nature. 265: 535–536.
- 1993. Müllerian mimicry and the psychology of predation. Anim. Behav. 45: 571–580.
- 1999a. Batesian, quasi-batesian or müllerian mimicry? Theory and data in mimicry research. Evol. Ecol. 13: 755–776.
- 1999b. Robot predators in virtual ecologies: the importance of memory in mimicry studies. Anim. Behav. 57: 203–213.
- 1999. Learning and memory in mimicry: Ii. Do we understand the mimicry spectrum? Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 67: 281–312. &
- 2000. Testing müllerian mimicry: an experiment with wild birds. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 267: 725–731. , , &
- 1990. Predation and the elevation of throracic temperature in brightly colored neotropical butterflies. Am. Nat. 135: 766–787. &
- 2001. Molecular phylogenetic evidence for a mimetic radiation in peruvian poison frogs supports a müllerian mimicry hyphothesis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 268: 2415–2421. , &
- 2003. Dietary conservatism may facilitate the initial evolution of aposematism. Oikos. 101: 458–466. , , , &
- 1977. Butterfly mimicry: the genetical evolution of and adaptation. Evol. Biol. 10: 163–206.
- 1987. The evolutionary dynamics of batesian and muellerian mimicry: Similarities and differences. Ecol. Entomol. 12: 81–95.
- 1996. Did forest islands drive the diversity of warningly coloured butterflies? Biotic drift and the shifting balance. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 351: 835–845. &
- 1996. Learning and memory in mimicry. I. Simulations of laboratory experiments. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 351: 1157–1170. &
- 1984. Mimicry and the monte carlo predator: the palatability spectrum and the origins of mimicry. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 23: 247–268. , &
- 1867. Journal of proceedings of the entomological society of London. In: In Transactions of the Entomological Society of London vol. III.
- 1999. The evolution of chemical defences and mating systems in tiger moths (lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 68: 557–578. , &