SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adams, C.E., Woltering, C. & Alexander, G. 2003. Epigenetic regulation of trophic morphology through feeding behaviour in Arctic charr, Salvelinus alpinus. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 78: 4349.
  • Boily, P. & Magnan, P. 2002. Relationship between individual variation in morphological characters and swimming costs in brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis) and yellow perch (Perca flavescens). J. Exp. Biol. 205: 10311036.
  • Campbell, R.N. 1979. Ferox trout, Salmo trutta (L.), and charr, Salvelinus alpinus (L.), in Scottish lochs. J. Fish Biol. 14: 129.
  • Grant, J.W.A. & Kramer, D.L. 1990. Territory size as a predictor of the upper limit to population density of juvenile salmonids in streams. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 47: 17241737.
  • Haas, G.R. & McPhail, J.D. 1991. Systematics and distributions of dolly varden (Salvelinus malma) and bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in North America. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48: 21912211.
  • Hard, J.J. 1995. A quantitative genetic perspective on the conservation of intraspecific diversity. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 17: 304326.
  • Hard, J.J., Winans, G.A. & Richarson, J.C. 1999. Phenotypic and genetic architecture of juvenile morphometry in chinook salmon. J. Hered. 90: 597606.
  • Imre, I., McLauglin, R.L. & Noakes, D.L.G. 2002. Phenotypic plasticity in brook charr: changes in caudal fin induced by water flow. J. Fish Biol. 61: 11711181.
  • Irvine, J.R. 1978. The Gerrard rainbow trout of Kootenay Lake, British Columbia – a discussion of their life history with management, research and enhancement recommendations. Prov. B.C. Fish. Manag. Rep. No. 72.
  • Jackson, D.A. 1993. Stopping rules in principal components analysis: a comparison of heuristical and statistical approaches. Ecology 74: 22042214.
  • Keeley, E.R. 2000. An experimental analysis of territory size in juvenile steelhead trout. Anim. Behav. 59: 477490.
  • Keeley, E.R. & Grant, J.W.A. 1997. Allometry of diet selectivity in juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54: 18941902.
  • Keeley, E.R., Parkinson, E.A. & Taylor, E.B. 2005. Ecotypic differentiation of native rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) populations from British Columbia. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62: 15231539.
  • Kerr, S.R. 1971. Prediction of growth efficiency in nature. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 28: 809814.
  • Magnan, P. 1988. Interactions between brook trout and nonsalmonid species: ecological shift, morphological shift, and their impact on zooplankton communities. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45: 9991009.
  • Marschall, E.A. & Crowder, L.B. 1995. Density-dependent survival as a function of size in juvenile salmonids in streams. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 52: 136140.
  • McPhail, J.D. & Lindsey, C.C. 1986. Zoogeography of freshwater fishes of Cascadia (the Columbia system and rivers north to the Stikine). In: The Zoogeography of North American Freshwater Fishes (C. H.Horcutt & E. O.Wiley, eds), pp. 615637. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  • Northcote, T.G. & Hartman, G.F. 1988. The biology and significance of stream trout populations (Salmo spp.) living above and below waterfalls. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 35: 409442.
  • Pakkasmaa, S. & Piironen, J. 2001. Water velocity shapes juvenile salmonids. Evol. Ecol. 14: 721730.
  • Pielou, E.C. 1991. After the Ice Age, the Return of Life to Glaciated North America. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
  • Proulx, R. & Magnan, P. 2002. Physiological performance of two forms of lacustrine brook charr, Salvelinus fontinalis, in the open-water habitat. Environ. Biol. Fishes 64: 127136.
  • Quinn, T.P. 2005. The Behavior and Ecology of Pacific Salmon and Trout. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.
  • Quinn, G.P. & Keough, M.J. 2002. Experimental Design and Data Analysis for Biologists. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Reznick, D.N., Shaw, F.H., Rodd, F.H. & Shaw, R.G. 1997. Evaluation of the rate of evolution in natural populations of guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Science 275: 19341937.
  • Riddell, B.E. & Leggett, W.C. 1981. Evidence of an adaptive basis for geographic variation in body morphology and time of downstream migration of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 38: 308320.
  • Robinson, B.W. & Parsons, K.J. 2002. Changing times, spaces, and faces: tests and implications of adaptive morphological plasticity in the fishes of northern postglacial lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 59: 18191833.
  • Robinson, B.W. & Wilson, D.S. 1994. Character release and displacement in fishes: a neglected literature. Am. Nat. 144: 596627.
  • Ruiz-Campos, G., Camarena-Rosales, F., Varela-Romero, A., Sánchez-Gonzáles, S. & Rosa-Vélez, J. 2003. Morphometric variation of wild trout populations from northwestern Mexico (Pisces: Salmonidae). Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 13: 91110.
  • SAS Institute. 1999. SAS Online Doc, Version 8. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
  • Scharf, F.S., Juanes, F. & Rountree, R.A. 2000. Predator size – prey size relationships of marine fish predators: interspecific variation and effects of ontogeny and body size on trophic-niche breadth. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 208: 229248.
  • Schluter, D. 1995. Adaptive radiation in sticklebacks: trade-offs in feeding performance and growth. Ecology 76: 8290.
  • Schluter, D. 1996. Ecological speciation in postglacial fishes. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 351: 807814.
  • Schluter, D. 2000. The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Scott, W.B. & Crossman, E.J. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184. Canadian Government Publishing Centre, Ottawa, ON.
  • Sheehan, T.F., Kocik, J.F., Cadrin, S.X., Legault, C.M., Atkinson, E. & Bengtson, D. 2005. Marine growth and morphometrics for three populations of Atlantic salmon from eastern Maine, USA. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 134: 775788.
  • Skúlason, S., Noakes, D.L.G. & Snorrason, S.S. 1989. Ontogeny of trophic morphology in four sympatric morphs of arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus in Thingvallavatn, Iceland. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 38: 281301.
  • Skúlason, S., Snorrason, S.S., Ota, D. & Noakes, D.L.G. 1993. Genetically based differences in foraging behaviour among sympatric morphs of arctic charr (Pisces: Salmonidae). Anim. Behav. 45: 11791192.
  • Snorrason, S., Skúlason, S., Jonsson, B., Malmquist, H.J., Jónasson, P.M., Sandlund, O.T. & Lindem, T. 1994. Trophic specialization in Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus (Pisces; Salmonidae): morphological divergence and ontogenetic niche shifts. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 52: 118.
  • Swain, D.P. & Holtby, L.B. 1989. Differences in morphology and behavior between juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) rearing in a lake and in its tributary stream. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 46: 14061414.
  • Taylor, E.B. 1991. A review of local adaptation in Salmonidae, with particular reference to Pacific salmon and Atlantic salmon. Aquaculture 98: 185207.
  • Taylor, E.B. 1999. Species pairs of north temperate freshwater fishes: evolution, taxonomy, and conservation. Rev. Fish Biol. Fish. 9: 299324.
  • Taylor, E.B. & McPhail, J.D., 1985a. Variation in body morphology among British Columbia populations of coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 20202028.
  • Taylor, E.B. & McPhail, J.D., 1985b. Variation in burst and prolonged swimming performance among British Columbia populations of coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 20292033.
  • Thorpe, R.S. 1976. Biometrical analysis of geographical variation and racial affinities. Biol. Rev. 51: 407452.
  • Watkins, T.B. & Vraspir, J. 2006. Both incubation temperature and posthatching temperature affect swimming performance and morphology of wood frog tadpoles (Rana sylvatica). Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 79: 140149.
  • Weigel, D.E., Peterson, J.T. & Spruell, P. 2002. A model using phenotypic characteristics to detect introgressive hybridization in wild westslope cutthroat trout and rainbow trout. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 131: 389403.