SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Blackman, R.L. & Eastop, V.F. 2000. Aphids on the World's Crops: An Identification and Information Guide, 2nd edn. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, UK.
  • Bradbury, J.W. & Vehrencamp, S.L. 1998. Principles of Animal Communication. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland, MA.
  • Butler, C.D. & O'Neil, R.J. 2006. Defensive response of soybean aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) to predation by insidious flower bug (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 99: 317320.
  • Dahl, M.L. 1971. Über einen Schreckstoff bei Aphiden. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 18: 121128.
  • Dawkins, R. 1989. The Selfish Gene, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Dill, L.M., Fraser, A.H.G. & Roitberg, B.D. 1990. The economics of escape behaviour in the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum. Oecologia 83: 473478.
  • Dixon, A.F.G. 1958. The escape responses shown by certain aphids to the presence of the coccinellid Adalia decempunctata (L.). Trans. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. 110: 319334.
  • Dixon, A.F.G. 1977. Aphid ecology: life cycles, polymorphism and population regulation. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 8: 329353.
  • Dixon, A.F.G. & Kindlmann, P. 1999. Cost of flight apparatus and optimum body size of aphid migrants. Ecology 80: 16781690.
  • Dixon, A.F.G., Horth, S. & Kindlmann, P. 1993. Migration in insects: cost and strategies. J. Anim. Ecol. 62: 182190.
  • Dobzhansky, T. 1962. Mankind Evolving. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
  • Von Dohlen, C.D., Rowe, C.A. & Heie, O.E. 2006. A test of morphological hypotheses for tribal and subtribal relationships of Aphidinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) using DNA sequences. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 38: 316329.
  • Edwards, J.S. 1966. Defense by smear: supercooling in the cornicle wax of aphids. Nature 211: 7374.
  • El-Sayed, A.M. 2006. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. URL http://www.pherobase.com.
  • Emlen, D.J. & Allen, C.E. 2004. Genotype to phenotype: physiological control of trait size and scaling in insects. Integr. Comp. Biol. 43: 617634.
  • Endler, J.A. 1986. Natural Selection in the Wild. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Griffin, A.S. & West, S.A. 2003. Kin discrimination and the benefit of helping in cooperatively breeding vertebrates. Science 302: 634636.
  • Groeters, F.R. & Dingle, H. 1989. The cost of being able to fly in the milkweed-oleander aphid Aphis nerii Homoptera: Aphididae. Evol. Ecol. 3: 313326.
  • Hamilton, W.D. 1964. The genetical evolution of social behaviour, I and II. J. Theor. Biol. 7: 152.
  • Hebert, P.D.N., Finston, T.L. & Foottit, R. 1991. Patterns of genetic diversity in the sumac gall aphid, Melaphis rhois. Genome 34: 757762.
  • Heie, O.E. 1987. Palaeontology and phylogeny. In: Aphids: Their Biology, Natural Enemies, and Control, Vol. 2A (A.K.Minks & P.Harrewijn, eds), pp. 367391. Elsevier Press, Amsterdam.
  • Hille Ris Lambers, D. 1966. Polymorphism in Aphididae. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 11: 4778.
  • Holman, J. 1987. Heterochrony as one possible mechanism of morph differentiation in aphids. In: Population Structure, Genetics and Taxonomy of Aphids and Thysanoptera (J.Holman, J.Pelikan, A.F.G.Dixon & L.Weismann, eds), pp. 190203. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague.
  • Hottes, F.C. 1928. Concerning the structure, function, and origin of the cornicles of the family Aphididae. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 41: 7184.
  • Kislow, C.J. & Edwards, L.J. 1972. Repellent odour in aphids. Nature 235: 108109.
  • Lees, A.D. 1966. The control of polymorphism in aphids. Adv. Insect Physiol. 3: 207277.
  • Leonardo, T.E. & Mondor, E.B. 2006. Symbiont modifies host life history traits that affect gene flow. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 273: 10791084.
  • Lewontin, R.C. 1970. The units of selection. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 1: 118.
  • Mondor, E.B. & Roitberg, B.D. 2002. Pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum, cornicle ontogeny as an adaptation to differential predation risk. Can. J. Zool. 80: 21312136.
  • Mondor, E.B. & Roitberg, B.D. 2004. Inclusive fitness benefits of scent-marking predators. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (Suppl.) 271: S341S343.
  • Mondor, E.B., Roitberg, B.D. & Stadler, B. 2002. Cornicle length in Macrosiphini aphids: a comparison of ecological traits. Ecol. Entomol. 27: 758762.
  • Mondor, E.B., Tremblay, M.N., Awmack, C.S. & Lindroth, R.L. 2005. Altered genotypic and phenotypic frequencies of aphid populations under enriched CO2 and O3 atmospheres. Glob. Change Biol. 11: 19901996.
  • Moran, N.A. 1988. The evolution of host-plant alternation in aphids: evidence for specialization as a dead end. Am. Nat. 132: 681706.
  • Morrow, E.H. & Gage, M.J.G. 2000. The evolution of sperm length in moths. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 267: 307313.
  • Nault, L.R. & Phelan, P.L. 1984. Alarm pheromones and sociality in pre-social insects. In: Chemical Ecology of Insects (W.J.Bell & R.T.Carde, eds), pp. 238256. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland, MA.
  • Norberg, U.M. 1995. How a long tail and changes in mass and wing shape affect the cost for flight in animals. Funct. Ecol. 9: 4854.
  • Palmer, M.A. 1952. Aphids of the Rocky Mountain Region. The A.B. Hirschfeld Press, Denver, CO.
  • Price, P.W. 1996. Biological Evolution. Saunders College Publishing, Orlando, FL.
  • Reis, M.J. 1989. The Allometry of Growth and Reproduction. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Remaudière, G. & Remaudière, M. 1997. Catalogue des Aphides du Monde. INRA, Paris.
  • Roitberg, B.D. & Myers, J.H. 1979. Behavioural and physiological adaptations of pea aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) to high ground temperatures and predator disturbance. Can. Entomol. 111: 515519.
  • SAS Institute Inc. 2003. JMP IN 5.1 – The Statistical Discovery Software. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
  • Schlichting, C.D. & Pigliucci, M. 1998. Phenotypic Evolution: A Reaction Norm Perspective. Sinauer Associates Inc., Sunderland, MA.
  • Simon, J.C., Rispe, C. & Sunnucks, P. 2002. Ecology and evolution of sex in aphids. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17: 3439.
  • Stearns, S.C. 1983. The influence of size and phylogeny on patterns of covariation among life-history traits in mammals. Oikos 41: 173187.
  • Teplitsky, C., Plenet, S. & Joly, P. 2005. Costs and limits of dosage response to predation risk: to what extent can tadpoles invest in anti-predator morphology? Oecologia 145: 364370.
  • Tollrian, R. 1993. Neckteeth formation in Daphnia pulex as an example of continuous phenotypic plasticity: morphological effects of Chaoborus kairomone concentration and their quantification. J. Plankton Res. 15: 13091318.
  • West-Eberhard, M.J. 2003. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Wiackowski, K. & Staronska, A. 1999. The effect of predator and prey density on the induced defence of a ciliate. Funct. Ecol. 13: 5965.
  • Wynn, G.G. & Boudreaux, H.B. 1972. Structure and function of aphid cornicles. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 65: 157166.
  • Zar, J.H. 1984. Biostatistical Analysis, 2nd edn. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.