SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Van Aardt, W.J. 1991. Oxygen consumption and haemocyanin oxygen affinity in the scorpion Opisthophthalmus latimanus. J. Entomol. Soc. S. Afr. 54: 129139.
  • Addo-Bediako, A., Chown, S.L. & Gaston, K.J. 2002. Metabolic cold adaptation in insects: a large-scale perspective. Funct. Ecol. 16: 332338.
  • Allen, A.P., Brown, J.H. & Gillooly, J.F. 2002. Global biodiversity, biochemical kinetics, and the energetic-equivalence rule. Science 297: 15451548.
  • Allen, A.P., Gillooly, J.F., Savage, V.M. & Brown, J.H. 2006. Kinetic effects of temperature on rates of genetic divergence and speciation. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103: 91309135.
  • Branscome, D.D., Koehler, P.G. & Oi, F.M. 2005. Influence of carbon dioxide gas on German cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) knockdown, recovery, movement and feeding. Physiol. Entomol. 30: 144150.
  • Bridges, C.R., Le Roux, J.M. & Van Aardt, W.J. 1997. Ecophysiological adaptations to dry thermal environments in two unrestrained Namibian scorpions, Parabuthus villosus (Buthidae) and Opisthophthalmus flavescens (Scorpionidae). Physiol. Zool. 70: 244256.
  • Brown, J.H., Gillooly, J.F., Allen, A.P., Savage, V.M. & West, G.B. 2004. Towards a metabolic theory of ecology. Ecology 85: 17711789.
  • Catala, S.S., Maida, D.M., Caro-Riaño, H., Jaramillo, N. & Moreno, J. 2004. Changes associated with laboratory rearing in antennal sensilla patterns of Triatoma infestans, Rhodnius prolixus, and Rhodnius pallescens (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae). Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 99: 2530.
  • Chaui-Berlinck, J.G. 2006. A critical understanding of the fractal model of metabolic scaling. J. Exp. Biol. 209: 30453054.
  • Chown, S.L. & Nicolson, S.W. 2004. Insect Physiological Ecology: Mechanisms and Patterns. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Chown, S.L., Addo-Bediako, A. & Gaston, K.J. 2003. Physiological diversity: listening to the large-scale signal. Funct. Ecol. 17: 562572.
  • Chown, S.L., Gaston, K.J. & Robinson, D. 2004. Macrophysiology: large-scale patterns in physiological traits and their ecological implications. Funct. Ecol. 18: 159167.
  • Chown, S.L., Marais, E., Terblanche, J.S., Klok, C.J., Lighton, J.R.B. & Blackburn, T.M. 2007. Scaling of insect metabolic rate is inconsistent with the nutrient supply network model. Funct. Ecol. 21, in press.
  • Clarke, A. 2004. Is there a universal temperature dependence of metabolism? Funct. Ecol. 18: 252256.
  • Clarke, A. 2006. Temperature and the metabolic theory of ecology. Funct. Ecol. 20: 405412.
  • Clarke, A. & Fraser, K.P.P. 2004. Why does metabolism scale with temperature? Funct. Ecol. 18: 243251.
  • Cossins, A.R. & Bowler, K. 1987. Temperature Biology of Animals. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Ernest, S.K.M., Enquist, B.J., Brown, J.H., Charnov, E.L., Gillooly, J.F., Savage, V.M., White, E.P., Smith, F.A., Hadly, E.A., Haskell, J.P., Lyons, S.K., Maurer, B.A., Niklas, K.J. & Tiffney, B. 2003. Thermodynamic and metabolic effects on the scaling of production and population energy use. Ecol. Lett. 6: 990995.
  • Falconer, D.S. & Mackay, T.F.C. 1996. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, 4th edn. Prentice Hall, Harlow.
  • Feder, M.E. & Mitchell-Olds, T. 2003. Evolutionary and ecological functional genomics. Nat. Rev. Genet. 4: 649655.
  • Feder, M.E., Bennett, A.F. & Huey, R.B. 2000. Evolutionary physiology. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 31: 315341.
  • Gefen, E. & Ar, A. 2006. Temperature dependence of water loss rates in scorpions and its effect on the distribution of Buthotus judaicus (Buthidae) in Israel. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 144A: 5862.
  • Gibbs, A.G. 1999. Laboratory selection for the comparative physiologist. J. Exp. Biol. 202: 27092718.
  • Gillooly, J.F., Brown, J.H., West, G.B., Savage, V.M. & Charnov, E.L. 2001. Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate. Science 293: 22482251.
  • Gillooly, J.F., Allen, A.P., West, G.B. & Brown, J.H. 2005. The rate of DNA evolution: effects of body size and temperature on the molecular clock. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102: 140145.
  • Gillooly, J.F., Allen, A.P., Savage, V.M., Charnov, E.L., West, G.B. & Brown, J.H. 2006. Response to Clarke and Fraser: effects of temperature on metabolic rate. Funct. Ecol. 20: 400404.
  • Glazier, D.S. 2005. Beyond the ‘3/4-power law’: variation in the intra- and interspecific scaling of metabolic rate in animals. Biol. Rev. 80: 611662.
  • Hadley, N.F. & Hill, R.D. 1969. Oxygen consumption of the scorpion Centruroides sculpturatus. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 29: 217226.
  • Hammack, L. 1991. Sex-pheremone communication in the screw-worm, Cochliomyia hominivorax– ontogenetic and strain effects. J. Chem. Ecol. 17: 21432154.
  • Harshman, L.G. & Hoffmann, A.A. 2000. Laboratory selection experiments using Drosophila: what do they really tell us? Trends Ecol. Evol. 15: 3236.
  • Hawkins, A.J.S. 1995. Effects of temperature change on ectotherm metabolism and evolution: metabolic and physiological interrelations underlying the superiority of multi-locus heterozygotes in heterogeneous environments. J. Therm. Biol. 20: 2333.
  • Hochachka, P.W. & Somero, G.N. 2002. Biochemical Adaptation. Mechanisms and Processes in Physiological Evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Hodkinson, I.D. 2003. Metabolic cold adaptation in arthropods: a smaller-scale perspective. Funct. Ecol. 17: 562567.
  • Hoekstra, H.E., Hoekstra, J.M., Berrigan, D., Vignieri, S.N., Hoang, A., Hill, C.E. & Beerli, P. 2001. Strength and tempo of directional selection in the wild. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98: 91579160.
  • Hoffmann, A.A., Hallas, R., Sinclair, C. & Partridge, L. 2001. Rapid loss of stress resistance in Drosophila melanogaster under adaptation to laboratory culture. Evolution 55: 436438.
  • Hoffmann, A.A., Sørensen, J.G. & Loeschcke, V. 2003. Adaptation of Drosophila to temperature extremes: bringing together quantitative and molecular approaches. J. Therm. Biol. 28: 175216.
  • Huey, R.B., Partridge, L. & Fowler, K. 1991. Thermal sensitivity of Drosophila melanogaster responds rapidly to laboratory natural selection. Evolution 45: 751756.
  • King, W.W. & Hadley, N.F. 1979. Water flux and metabolic rates in free-roaming scorpions using the doubly labeled water technique. Physiol. Zool. 52: 176189.
  • Kingsolver, J.G. & Huey, R.B. 1998. Evolutionary analyses of morphological and physiological plasticity in thermally variable environments. Am. Zool. 38: 545560.
  • Kingsolver, J.G., Gomulkiewicz, R. & Carter, P.A. 2001. Variation, selection and evolution of function-valued traits. Genetica 112: 87104.
  • Kozłowski, J. & Konarzewski, M. 2004. Is West, Brown and Enquist's model of allometric scaling mathematically correct and biologically relevant? Funct. Ecol. 18: 283289.
  • Kozłowski, J., Konarzewski, M. & Gawelczyk, A.T. 2003. Cell size as a link between noncoding DNA and metabolic rate scaling. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100: 1408014085.
  • Krebs, C.J. 1999. Ecological Methodology, 2nd edn. Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park.
  • Krebs, R.A., Roberts, S.P., Bettencourt, B.R. & Feder, M.E. 2001. Changes in thermotolerance and Hsp70 expression with domestication in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Evol. Biol. 14: 7582.
  • Lee, R.E., Chen, C.-P. & Denlinger, D.L. 1987. A rapid cold-hardening process in insects. Science 238: 14151417.
  • Lessels, C.M. & Boag, P.T. 1987. Unrepeatable repeatabilities: a common mistake. Auk 104: 116121.
  • Lighton, J.R.B. 1991. Insects: measurements. In: Concise Encyclopedia on Biological and Biomedical Measurement Systems (P. A.Payne, ed.), pp. 201220. Pergamon Press, Oxford.
  • Lighton, J.R.B., Brownell, P.H., Joos, B. & Turner, R.J. 2001. Low metabolic rate in scorpions: implications for population biomass and cannibalism. J. Exp. Biol. 204: 607613.
  • Makarieva, A.M., Gorshkov, V.G. & Li, B.-L. 2005. Biochemical universality of living matter and its metabolic implications. Funct. Ecol. 19: 547557.
  • Marais, E., Klok, C.J., Terblanche, J.S. & Chown, S.L. 2005. Insect gas exchange patterns: a phylogenetic perspective. J. Exp. Biol. 208: 44954507.
  • Matos, M., Rose, M.R., Pité, M.T.R., Rego, C. & Avelar, T. 2000. Adaptation to the laboratory environment in Drosophila subobscura. J. Evol. Biol. 13: 919.
  • McKechnie, A.E., Freckleton, R.P. & Jetz, W. 2006. Phenotypic plasticity in the scaling of avian basal metabolic rate. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 273: 931937.
  • McRae, T.H. 2001. Do stress proteins protect embryos during metabolic arrest and diapause? In: Molecular Mechanisms of Metabolic Arrest: Life in Limbo (K. B.Storey, ed.), pp. 169186. BIOS Scientific Publishers, Oxford.
  • Muller-Landau, H.C., Condit, R.S., Chave, J., Thomas, S.C., Bohlman, S.A., Bunyavejchewin, S., Davies, S., Foster, R., Gunatilleke, S., Gunatilleke, N., Harms, K.E., Hart, T., Hubbell, S.P., Itoh, A., Kassim, A.R., LaFrankie, J.V., Seng Lee, H., Losos, E., Makana, J.-R., Ohkubo, T., Sukumar, R., Sun, I., Surpardi, M.N., Tan, S., Thompson, J., Valencia, R., Villa Muñoz, G., Wills, C., Yamakura, T., Chuyong, G., Dattaraja, H.S., Esufali, S., Hall, P., Hernandez, C., Kenfack, D., Kiratiprayoon, S. Suresh, H.S., Thomas, D., Vallejo, M.I. & Ashton, P. 2006a. Testing metabolic ecology theory for allometric scaling of tree size, growth and mortality in tropical forests. Ecol. Lett. 9: 575588.
  • Muller-Landau, H.C., Condit, R.S., Harms, K.E., Marks, C.O., Thomas, S.C., Bunyavejchewin, S., Chuyong, G., Co, L., Davies, S., Foster, R., Gunatilleke, S., Gunatilleke, N., Hart, T., Hubbell, S.P., Itoh, A., Kassim, A.R., Kenfack, D., LaFrankie, J.V., Lagunzad, D., Seng Lee, H., Losos, E., Makana, J.-R., Ohkubo, T., Samper, C., Sukumar, R., Sun, I., Surpardi, M.N., Tan, S., Thomas, D, Thompson, J., Valencia, R., Vallejo, M.I., Villa Muñoz, G., Yamakura, T., Zimmerman, J. K., Dattaraja, H.S., Esufali, S., Hall, P., He, F., Hernandez, C., Kiratiprayoon, S., Suresh, H.S., Wills, C. & Ashton, P. 2006b. Comparing tropical forest tree size distributions with the predictions of metabolic ecology and equilibrium models. Ecol. Lett. 9: 589602.
  • Punzo, F. 1991. The effects of temperature and moisture on survival capacity, cuticular permeability, hemolymph osmoregulation and metabolism in the scorpion, Centruroides hentzi (Banks) (Scorpiones, Buthidae). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 100A: 833838.
  • Rako, L. & Hoffmann, A.A. 2006. Complexity of the cold acclimation response in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Insect Physiol. 52: 94104.
  • Riddle, W.A. 1978. Respiratory physiology of the desert grassland scorpion Paruroctonus utahensis. J. Arid Env. 1: 243251.
  • Robertson, H.G., Nicolson, S.W. & Louw, G.N. 1982. Osmoregulation and temperature effects on water loss and oxygen consumption in two species of African scorpion. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 71A: 605609.
  • Roff, D.A. 2002. Life History Evolution. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland.
  • Savage, V.M., Gillooly, J.F., Woodruff, W.H., West, G.B., Allen, A.P., Enquist, B.J. & Brown, J.H. 2004. The predominance of quarter power-scaling in biology. Funct. Ecol. 18: 257282.
  • Sgrò, C.M. & Partridge, L. 2000. Evolutionary responses of the life history of wild-caught Drosophila melanogaster to two standard methods of laboratory culture. Am. Nat. 156: 341353.
  • Sgrò, C.M. & Partridge, L. 2001. Laboratory adaptation of life history in Drosophila. Am. Nat. 158: 657658.
  • Spicer, J.I. & Gaston, K.J. 1999. Physiological Diversity and its Ecological Implications. Blackwell Science, Oxford.
  • Terblanche, J.S., Klok, C.J., Marais, E. & Chown, S.L. 2004. Metabolic rate in the whip spider, Damon annulatipes (Archnida: Amblypygi). J. Insect Physiol. 50: 637645.
  • Terblanche, J.S., Klok, C.J. & Chown, S.L. 2005. Temperature-dependence of metabolic rate in Glossina morsitans morsitans (Diptera, Glossinidae) does not vary with gender, age, feeding, pregnancy or acclimation. J. Insect Physiol. 51: 861870.
  • Terblanche, J.S., Klok, C.J., Krafsur, E.S. & Chown, S.L. 2006. Phenotypic plasticity and geographic variation in thermal tolerance and water loss of the tsetse Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae): implications for distribution modeling. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 74: 786794.
  • Thomas, J.A., Welch, J.J., Woolfit, M. & Bromham, L. 2006. There is no universal molecular clock for invertebrates, but rate variation does not scale with body size. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103: 73667371.
  • West, G.B. & Brown, J.H. 2005. The origin of allometric scaling laws in biology from genomes to ecosystems: towards a quantitative unifying theory of biological structure and organization. J. Exp. Biol. 208: 15751592.
  • West, G.B., Brown, J.H. & Enquist, B.J. 1997. A general model for the origin of allometric scaling laws in biology. Science 276: 122126.
  • West-Eberhard, M.J. 2003. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • White, C.R., Phillips, N.F. & Seymour, R.S. 2006. The scaling and temperature dependence of vertebrate metabolism. Biol. Lett. 2: 125127.
  • Whitfield, J. 2004. Ecology's big, hot idea. PLoS Biol. 2: 20232027.
  • Withers, P.C. & Smith, G.T. 1993. Effect of temperature on the metabolic rate and evaporative water loss of the scorpion Urodacus armatus. J. Therm. Biol. 18: 1318.
  • Zatsepina, O.G., Velikodvorskaia, V.V., Molodtsov, V.B., Garbuz, D., Lerman, D.N., Bettencourt, B.R., Feder, M.E. & Evgenev, M.B. 2001. A Drosophila melanogaster strain from sub-equatorial Africa has exceptional thermotolerance but decreased Hsp70 expression. J. Exp. Biol. 204: 18691881.