SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alfaro, M.E., Zoller, S. & Lutzoni, F. 2003. Bayes or bootstrap? A simulation study comparing the performance of Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling and bootstrapping in assessing phylogenetic confidence Mol. Biol. Evol. 20: 255266.
  • Arendt, J.D. 2003. Reduced burst speed is a cost of rapid growth in anuran tadpoles: problems of autocorrelation and inferences about growth rates. Funct. Ecol. 17: 328334.
  • Armbruster, W.S. 1993. Evolution of plant pollination systems: hypotheses and tests with the neotropical vine Dalechampia. Evolution 47: 14801505.
  • Badyaev, A.V. 2002. Species divergence in sexually selected traits: increase in song elaboration is related to decrease in plumage ornamentation in finches. Evolution 56: 412419.
  • Bickham, J.W., Lamb, T., Minx, P. & Patton, J.C. 1996. Molecular systematics of the genus Clemmys and the intergeneric relationships of emydid turtles. Herpetologica 52: 8997.
  • Biewener, A.A. 2003. Animal Locomotion. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.
  • Bowerman, B.L. & O’Connell, R.T. 1990. Linear Statistical Models, an Applied Approach. Duxbury Press, Belmont, California.
  • Brakefield, P.M. 2006. Evo-devo and constraints on selection. Trends Ecol. Evol. 21: 362368.
  • Brakefield, P.M. & Roskam, J.C. 2006. Exploring evolutionary constraints is a task for an integrative evolutionary biology. Am. Nat. 168: S4S13.
  • Bramble, D.M. 1974. Emydid shell kinesis: biomechanics and evolution. Copeia 1974: 102109.
  • Coddington, J. 1988. Cladistic tests of adaptational hypotheses. Cladistics 9: 305342.
  • Erixon, P., Svennblad, B., Britton, T. & Oxelman, B. 2003. Reliability of Bayesian posterior probabilities and bootstrap frequencies in phylogenetics. Syst. Biol. 52: 665673.
  • Ernst, C.H. & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
  • Ernst, C.H., Lovich, J.E. & Barbour, R.W. 1994. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
  • Feldman, C.R. & Parham, J.F. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of emydine turtles: taxonomic revision and the evolution of shell kinesis. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 22: 388398.
  • Felsenstein, J. 1985. Phylogenies and the comparative method. Am. Nat. 125: 115.
  • Fry, J.D. 1996. The evolution of host specialization: are trade-offs overrated? Am. Nat. 148: S84S107.
  • Futuyma, D.J. 2005. Evolution. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MD.
  • Futuyma, D.J. & Moreno, G. 1988. The evolution of ecological specialization. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 19: 207233.
  • Garland, T. Jr 1988. Genetic basis of activity metabolism. I. Inheritance of speed, stamina, and antipredator displays in the garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis. Evolution 42: 335350.
  • Garland, T. Jr, Dickerman, A.W., Janis, C.M. & Jones, J.A. 1993. Phylogenetic analysis of covariance by computer simulation. Syst. Biol. 42: 265292.
  • Garland, T. Jr, Harvey, P.H. & Ives, A.R. 1992. Procedures for the analysis of comparative data using phylogenetically independent contrasts. Syst. Biol. 41: 1832.
  • Gillis, G.B. & Blob, R.W. 2001. How muscles accommodate movement in different environments: aquatic vs. terrestrial locomotion in vertebrates. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 131: 6175.
  • Gvozdik, L. & Van Damme, R. 2006. Triturus newts defy the running-swimming dilemma. Evolution 60: 21102121.
  • Hillis, D.M. & Bull, J.J. 1993. An empirical test of bootstrapping as a method for assessing confidence in phylogenetic analysis. Syst. Biol. 42: 182192.
  • Huelsenbeck, J.P. & Ronquist, F. 2001. MrBayes: Bayesian inference of phylogeny. Bioinformatics 17: 754755.
  • Huey, R.B., Bennett, A.F., John-Alder, H. & Nagy, K.A. 1984. Locomotor capacity and foraging behavior of Kalahari lacertid lizards. Anim. Behav. 32: 4150.
  • Irschick, D.J. 2002. Evolutionary approaches for studying functional morphology: examples from studies of performance capacities. Integr. Comp. Bio. 42: 278290.
  • Irschick, D.J., Herrel, A., Vanhooydonck, B., Huyghe, K. & Van Damme, R. 2005. Locomotor compensation creates a mismatch between laboratory and field estimates of escape speed in lizards: a cautionary tale for performance-to-fitness studies. Evolution 59: 15791587.
  • Jakobsson, A. & Eriksson, O. 2000. A comparative study of seed number, seed size, seedling size and recruitment in grassland plants. Oikos 88: 494502.
  • Jakobsson, A. & Eriksson, O. 2003. Trade-offs between dispersal and competitive ability: a comparative study of wind-dispersed Asteraceae forbs. Evol. Ecol. 17: 233246.
  • Krenz, J.G., Naylor, G.J.P., Shaffer, H.B. & Janzen, F.J. 2005. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of turtles. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 37: 178191.
  • Lamb, T., Lydeard, C., Walker, R. & Gibbons, J.W. 1994. Molecular systematics of the map turtles (Graptemys): a comparison of mitochondrial restriction site versus sequence data. Syst. Biol. 43: 543599.
  • Lewis, P.O. 2001. A likelihood approach to estimating phylogeny from discrete morphological character data. Syst. Biol. 50: 913925.
  • Losos, J.B. & Miles, D.B. 1994. Adaptation, constraint, and the comparative method: Phylogenetic issues and methods. In: Ecological Morphology (P. C.Wainwright & S.Reilly, eds), pp. 6098. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Loveridge, A. & Williams, E.E. 1957. Revision of the African tortoises and turtles of the suborder Cryptodira. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 115: 163557.
  • Luckow, M. & Bruneau, A. 1997. Circularity and independence in phylogenetic tests of ecological hypotheses. Cladistics 13: 145151.
  • MacArthur, R.H. 1972. Geographical Ecology. Harper and Row, New York.
  • Maddison, W.P. & Maddison, D.R. 2006. Mesquite: A Modular System for Evolutionary Analysis. Version 1.12 http://mesquiteproject.org.
  • Martins, E.P. 2004. compare, version 4.6b. Computer Programs for the Statistical Analysis of Comparative Data. Distributed by the author at http://www.indiana.edu/~martinsl/compare/. Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
  • Martins, E.P. & Garland, T. Jr 1991. Phylogenetic analyses and the correlated evolution of continuous characters: a simulation study. Evolution 45: 534557.
  • Martins, E.P. & Hansen, T.F. 1997. Phylogenies and the comparative method: a general approach to incorporating phylogenetic information into analysis of interspecific data. Am. Nat. 149: 646667.
  • McDowell, S.B. 1964. Partition of the genus Clemmys and related problems in the taxonomy of the aquatic Testudinidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 143: 239279.
  • Miner, B.G. 2005. Evolution of feeding structure plasticity in marine invertebrate larvae: a possible trade-off between arm length and stomach size. J. Exp. Marine Bio. Ecol. 315: 117125.
  • Moran, A.L. 2004. Egg size evolution in tropical American arcid bivalves: the comparative method and the fossil record. Evolution 58: 27182733.
  • Ord, T.J. & Martins, E.P. 2006. Tracing the origins of signal diversity in anole lizards: phylogenetic approaches to inferring the evolution of complex behavior. Anim. Behav. 71: 14111429.
  • Pagel, M.D. 1993. Seeking the evolutionary regression coefficient: an analysis of what comparative methods measure. J. Theor. Bio. 164: 191205.
  • Perry, G., Levering, K., Girard, I. & Garland, T. Jr 2004. Locomotor performance and social dominance in male Anolis cristatellus. Anim. Behav. 67: 3747.
  • Pianka, E.R. 2000. Evolutionary Ecology, 6th edn. Addison Wesley Longman, New York.
  • Pinch, F.C. & Claussen, D.L. 2003. Effects of temperature and slope on the sprint speed and stamina of the eastern fence lizard, Sceloporus undulatus. J. Herpetol. 37: 671679.
  • Poulin, R. & Mouillot, D. 2004. The relationship between specialization and local abundance: the case of helminth parasites of birds. Oecologia 140: 372378.
  • De Queiroz, K. 1996. Including the characters of interest during tree reconstruction and the problems of circularity and bias in studies of character evolution. Am. Nat. 148: 700708.
  • Roff, D.A. & Fairbairn, D.J. 2007. The evolution of trade-offs: where are we? J. Evol. Biol. 20: 433447.
  • Rohlf, F.J. & Sokal, R.R. 1995. Statistical Tables. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, NY.
  • Rome, L. 2002. The design of vertebrate muscular systems: comparative and integrative approaches. Clin. Orthop. 403S: S59S76.
  • Rome, L.C., Funke, R.P., McNeil Alexander, R., Lutz, G., Aldridge, H., Scott, F. & Freadman, M. 1988. Why animals have different muscle fiber types. Nature 335: 824827.
  • Schluter, D. 2000. The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.
  • Schluter, D., Price, T., Mooers, A.Ø. & Ludwig, D. 1997. Likelihood of ancestor states in adaptive radiation. Evolution 51: 16991711.
  • Secor, S.M., Jayne, B.C. & Bennett, A.F. 1992. Locomotor performance and energetic cost of sidewinding by the snake Crotalus cerastes. J. Exp. Bio. 163: 114.
  • Shaffer, H.B., Meylan, P. & McKnight, M.L. 1997. Tests of turtle phylogeny: molecular, morphological, and paleontological approaches. Syst. Biol. 46: 235268.
  • Shubin, N., Tabin, C. & Carroll, S. 1997. Fossils, genes, and the evolution of animal limbs. Nature 388: 639648.
  • Sokal, R.R. & Rohlf, F.J. 1995. Biometry, 3rd edn. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, NY.
  • Spinks, P.Q., Shaffer, H.B., Iverson, J.B. & McCord, W.P. 2004. Phylogenetic hypotheses for the turtle family Geoemydidae. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 32: 164182.
  • Stephens, P.R. & Wiens, J.J. 2003. Ecological diversification and phylogeny of emydid turtles. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 79: 577610.
  • Swofford, D.L. 2002. paup*: Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony*, v. 4.0b10. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MD.
  • Van Ballegooijen, W.M. & Boerlijst, M.C. 2004. Emergent trade-offs and selection for outbreak frequency in spatial epidemics. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 52: 1824618250.
  • Vanhooydonck, B., Van Damme, R. & Aerts, P. 2001. Speed and stamina trade-off in lacertid lizards. Evolution 55: 10401048.
  • Wiens, J.J. 1998. Combining data sets with different phylogenetic histories. Syst. Biol. 47: 568581.
  • Wilcox, T.P., Zwickl, D.J., Heath, T.A. & Hillis, D.M. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of the dwarf boas and a comparison of Bayesian and bootstrap measures of phylogenetic support. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 25: 361371.
  • Yoshida, T., Hairston, N.G. Jr & Ellner, S.P. 2004. Evolutionary trade-off between defense against grazing and competitive ability in unicellular alga, Chlorella vulgaris. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 271: 19471953.
  • Yurewicz, K.L. 2004. A growth/mortality trade-off in larval salamanders and the coexistence of intraguild predators and prey. Oecologia 138: 102111.
  • Zug, G.R. 1971. Buoyancy, locomotion, morphology of the pelvic girdle and hindlimb, and systematics of cryptodiran turtles. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 142: 190.