Evolution of avian clutch size along latitudinal gradients: do seasonality, nest predation or breeding season length matter?
Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 European Society For Evolutionary Biology
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Volume 23, Issue 5, pages 888–901, May 2010
How to Cite
GRIEBELER, E. M., CAPRANO, T. and BÖHNING-GAESE, K. (2010), Evolution of avian clutch size along latitudinal gradients: do seasonality, nest predation or breeding season length matter?. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 23: 888–901. doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2010.01958.x
- Issue online: 19 APR 2010
- Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2010
- Received 5 September 2008; accepted 15 January 2010
- 1988. Effects of population density and supplemental food on reproduction in song sparrows. J. Anim. Ecol. 57: 119–136. &
- 1963. The regulation of tropical oceanic birds. Ibis 103: 458–473.
- 1995. The milker-killer dilemma in spatially structured predator-prey interactions. Oikos 74: 391–400. &
- 1997. Avian life history variation along altitudinal gradients: an example with cardueline finches. Oecologia 111: 365–374.
- 2001. Evolution of life histories along elevational gradients: trade-off between parental care and fecundity. Ecology 82: 2948–2960. &
- 1996. The relationship between geographic variation in clutch size and migration pattern in the Yellow Wagtail. Bird Study 43: 333–341.
- 2000. Factors influencing the clutch size, number of broods and annual fecundity of North American and European land birds. Evol. Ecol. Res. 2: 823–839. , , &
- 1998. Density dependence of clutch size: habitat heterogeneity or individual adjustment? J. Anim. Ecol. 67: 659–666.
- 2000. Reproductive effort and reproductive values in periodic environments. Am. Nat. 155: 454–472. , &
- 2002. The life-history basis of latitudinal diversity gradients: how do species traits vary from the poles to the equator? J. Anim. Ecol. 71: 79–87.
- 2007. Modeling tradeoffs in avian life history traits and consequences for population growth. Ecol. Model. 209: 110–120. &
- 1966. A general theory of clutch size. Evolution 20: 174–184.
- 2000. Evolution of passerine incubation behavior: influence of food, temperature, and nest predation. Evolution 54: 670–685. &
- 1992. Individual-based Models and Approaches in Ecology. Chapman Hall, New York. &
- 2005. Individual-based modeling of ecological and evolutionary processes. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 36: 147–168. &
- 1990. The effect of food supplementation on the reproductive success of Black billed Magpie Pica pica. Ibis 132: 595–602. &
- 2006. Surprising evolutionary predictions from enhanced ecological realism. Theor. Popul. Biol. 69: 263–281. &
- 1990. Brood size manipulations in the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus): effects on offspring and parent survival. J. Anim. Ecol. 59: 269–286. , , , , &
- 2003. Clutch size reduction as a response to increased nest predation rate in the collared flycatcher. Ecology 84: 2582–2588. &
- 2005. Investigating geographic variation in clutch size using a natural experiment. Func. Ecol. 19: 616–624. , , &
- 2001. How many baskets? Clutch sizes that maximize annual fecundity of multiple-brooded birds. The Auk 118: 973–982. &
- 2004. Life history and fitness consequences of ectoparasites. J. Anim. Ecol. 73: 216–226. , &
- 2006. Parent birds assess nest predation risk and adjust their reproductive strategies. Ecol. Lett. 9: 428–434. &
- 2000. Are incubation and fledging periods longer in the tropics? J. Anim. Ecol. 69: 59–73. &
- 2001. Fecundity-survival trade-offs and parental risk-taking in birds. Science 292: 494–497. &
- 1974. Natural selection for within-generation variance in offspring number. Genetics 76: 601–606.
- 2004. Evolution of clutch size along latitudinal gradients: revisiting Ashmole’s hypothesis. Evol.Ecol.Res. 6: 679–694. &
- 2005. Individual-based Modeling and Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton. &
- 2005. Renesting determines seasonal fecundity in songbirds: what do we know? What should we assume? Auk 122: 280–291. &
- 2005. Latitudinal gradients. Ecology 86: 2261–2262. &
- 1990. The effect of food on laying date and clutch size in Tengmalm’s Owl Aegolius funereus. Ibis 132: 395–406. &
- 2003. The effect of energy and seasonality on avian species richness and community composition. Am. Nat. 161: 83–97. &
- 2008. The worldwide variation in avian clutch size across species and space. PLoS Biol. 6: 2650–2657. , &
- 1997. Survival rates of tropical and temperate passerines: a Trinidadian perspective. Am. Nat. 150: 771–789. , , &
- 2008. Overview of the model types available for development of ecological models. Ecol. Model. 215: 3–9.
- 1979. The dynamics of populations as the result of the properties of individual animals. Fortschr. Zool. 25: 109–136.
- 1990. Survival rates of birds of tropical and temperate forests: will the dogma survive? Am. Nat. 136: 277–291. , , &
- 1999. Competition for early arrival in migratory birds. J. Anim. Ecol. 68: 940–950.
- 2007. The ecogenetic link between demography and evolution: can we bridge the gap between theory and data? Ecol. Lett. 10: 773–782. &
- 1984. Geographic variation in clutch size in the Northern flicker (Colaptes auratus): support for Ashmole’s hypothesis. The Auk 101: 698–706.
- 1998. Clutch size of kestrels: seasonal decline and experimental evidence for food limitation under fluctuating food conditions. Oikos 83: 259–272. &
- 2006. Why life histories are diverse. Pol. J. Ecol. 54: 585–605.
- 1989. Postfledging survival of European starlings. Ecology 70: 646–655. , &
- 1947. The significance of clutch-size. Ibis 89: 302–352.
- 1948. Natural selection and family size in the starling. Evolution 2: 95–110.
- 1954. The Natural Regulation of Animal Numbers. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
- 1992. The differentiation of animal weights. Func. Ecol. 6: 386–395.
- 2008. Constitutive immune defenses correlate with life-history variables in tropical birds. J. Anim. Ecol. 77: 356–363. , , , &
- 1995. Avian life history evolution in relation to nest sites, nest predation, and food. Ecol. Monographs 65: 101–127.
- 1996. Life history evolution in tropical and south temperate birds: what do we really know? J. Avian Biol. 27: 263–272.
- 1996. Nest predation and avian life-history evolution in Europe versus North America: a possible role of humans? Am. Nat. 146: 1028–1046. &
- 1992. Life history traits of open- vs. cavity nesting birds. Ecology 73: 579–592. &
- 2000. Parental care and clutch sizes in North and South American birds. Science 287: 1482–1485. , , , &
- 1986. Theoretical Ecology. Blackwell, Oxford.
- 2008. A theoretical investigation of the effect of latitude on avian life histories. Am. Nat. 172: 331–345. , , &
- 1998. Evidence of larger impact of parasites on hosts in the tropics: investment in immune function within and outside the tropics. Oikos 82: 265–270.
- 2008. Indirect cues of nest predation risk and avian reproductive decisions. Biol. Lett. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2008.0631. , , &
- 1944. Clutch size: a comparative study with special reference to African birds. Ibis 86: 286–347.
- 1997. Nutrient or energy limitation on egg formation: a feeding experiment in great tits. J. Anim. Ecol. 66: 270–274. , &
- 2001. Reproductive effort in variable environments, or environmental variation is for the birds. Ecology 82: 2659–2665. &
- 1935. Experimental studies on the duration of life. XIV. The comparative mortality of certain lower organisms. Quart. Rev. Biol. 10: 60–79. &
- 1993a. Brood-manipulation experiments. I. The number of offspring surviving per nest in Blue Tits (Parus caeruleus). J. Anim. Ecol. 62: 131–144.
- 1993b. Brood-manipulation experiments II. Are costs of reproduction in Blue Tits (Parus caeruleus)? J. Anim. Ecol. 62: 145–159.
- 1970. On r and K selection. Am. Nat. 104: 592–597.
- 1999. A model to predict breeding-season productivity for multibrooded songbirds. The Auk 116: 1001–1008. , , &
- 2000. Effects of forest management on density, survival, and population growth of wood trushes. J. Wildl. Manage. 64: 11–23. , , &
- 2006. Independent effects of food and predator-mediated processes on annual fecundity in a songbird. Ecology 87: 160–168. &
- 1973. Fecundity, mortality, and avian demography. In: Breeding Biology of Birds (D.S.Farner, ed.), pp. 366–435. National Academy of Science, Washington.
- 1977. On the evolution of reproductive strategies of birds. Am. Nat. 111: 453–478.
- 1980. Geographical variation in clutch size among passerine birds: Ashmole’s hypothesis. Auk 97: 38–49.
- 1991. The megapopulation: a model of demographic coupling between migrant and resident populations. In: Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Migrant Landbirds (J.M.Hagan & D.W.Johnston, eds), pp. 537–548. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
- 1997. Comparative demography of new world populations of thrushes (Turdus spp.). Ecol. Monographs 67: 22–43.
- 2000. Density dependence, evolutionary optimization, and the diversification of avian life histories. Condor 102: 9–22.
- 1977. Components of avian breeding productivity. The Auk 94: 86–96. &
- 2003. Multiple density-dependence mechanisms regulate a migratory bird population during the breeding season. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 270: 2105–2110. , , &
- 2004. Life-history of two African Sylvia warblers: low annual fecundity and long post-fledging care. Ibis 146: 427–437. , , &
- 2005. Nest predation is little affected by parental behaviour and nest site in two African Sylvia warblers. J. Orn. 146: 167–175. , , , &
- 2007. On the stability of populations of mammals, birds, fish and insects. Ecol. Lett. 10: 970–976. , , &
- 2002. Variation in survivorship of a migratory songbird throughout its annual cycle. J. Anim. Ecol. 71: 295–308. &
- 2000. Impacts of a global climate change on population dynamics of a migratory songbird. Science 288: 2040–2042. , &
- 1949. Do tropical birds rear as many young as they can nourish? Ibis 91: 430–455.
- 1985. Clutch size, nesting success, and predation on nests of Neotropical birds, reviewed. In: Neotropical Ornithology (P.A.Bucklay, S.Foster, E.S.Morton, R.S.Ridgely & F.G.Buckley, eds), pp. 575–594. Allen Press, Lawrence, KS.
- 1982. Clutch size variation in passerine birds: the nest predation hypothesis. Oecologia 54: 159–169.
- 1984. Clutch size variation in birds in relation to nest predation: on the cost of reproduction. J. Anim. Ecol. 53: 945–953.
- 1998. Competition for food in urban pigeons: the cost of being juvenile. Condor 100: 298–304. , , &
- 2000. Age-related feeding site selection in urban pigeons (Columba livia): experimental evidence of the competition hypothesis. Can. J. Zool. 78: 144–149. , &
- 1992. The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford University Press, New York.
- 1977. Density dependence in the life-cycles of animals and its importance in K- and r-strategies. J. Anim. Ecol. 46: 677–688.
- 2005. Juvenile mortality increases with clutch size in a neotropical bird. Ecology 86: 3238–3244. , &
- 1989. Predation and starvation: age-specific mortality in juvenile juncos (Junco phaenotus). J. Anim. Ecol. 58: 275–286.
- 1984. Body size, breeding season length, and life history tactics of lagomorphs. Oikos 43: 282–290.
- 2006. Evolution of life history traits in Leporidae: a test of nest predation and seasonality hypotheses. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 88: 603–610. , &
- 2001. The cost of egg production and incubation in great tits (Parus major). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268: 1271–1277. &
- 2002. Examining Ashmole’s hypothesis: are life-history parameters of resident passerines related to the proportion of migrants? Evol. Ecol. Res. 4: 673–685. &
- 2006. Food and predators affect egg production in song sparrows. Ecology 87: 2459–2467. , &