A series of 213 neutropenic patients were tested for the presence of granulocyte antibodies using the granulocyte chemiluminescence test (GCLT) and the granulocyte immunofluorescence test (GIFT). Sera containing lymphocyte (HLA) antibodies were excluded from the study. A direct GIFT was performed on granulocytes from 56 patients. Samples were obtained from patients with a range of clinical conditions including primary adult autoimmune neutropenia, autoimmune neutropenia of infancy, autoimmune neutropenia secondary to Felty's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, systemic lupus erythematosus, proliferative disorders, bone marrow transplantation and patients with documented febrile or pulmonary transfusion reactions. Overall, granulocyte antibodies were detected in 52.1% of patient sera. Results for the GCLT and GIFT (IgG) were strongly correlated (plt;0.001) for both primary and secondary immune neutropenias. The results confirm the applicability of the GCLT in the granulocyte serology laboratory.