Background An effective pathogen inactivation (PI) technology for plasma must inactivate a broad range of pathogens with retention of haemostatic function suitable for therapeutic support. This study evaluated a broad panel of coagulation factors regarding functionality in plasma treated with the INTERCEPT Blood SystemTM (I-FFP).
Study Design and Methods Apheresis plasma (600 ml) was treated with amotosalen and UVA. Aliquots of plasma were collected prior to and after photochemical treatment and frozen prior to analysis. Pro-coagulants, inhibitors and fibrinolytic proteins, contact pathway components, activation markers, the vonWillebrand complex and complement proteins were analyzed.
Results Retention of procoagulant factors in I-FFP ranged from 77 to 92% of pretreatment levels. Components of the von Willebrand complex, including multimers and von Willebrand cleavage protease activity (vWF : CP), remained within normal ranges after treatment. Endogenous inhibitors of coagulation were retained at 93 to 100% of baseline. Plasminogen and α-2 antiplasmin were retained at 94 and 78% respectively. Retention of contact factors was variable as some factors were below the reference range prior to PI treatment. With the exception of thrombin-antithrombin complexes (TAT) in one of six replicates all markers of coagulation activation were well within normal ranges. Anaphylatoxins were not increased and C1-esterase inhibitor was fully retained.
Conclusion Treatment of plasma with the INTERCEPT Blood System preserves proteins necessary for haemostasis without inappropriate activation of coagulation, fibrinolytic or complement pathways.