Knowledge, attitudes and practices surveys of blood donation in developing countries
Article first published online: 23 MAR 2012
© 2012 The Author(s). Vox Sanguinis © 2012 International Society of Blood Transfusion
Volume 103, Issue 1, pages 64–74, July 2012
How to Cite
Lownik, E., Riley, E., Konstenius, T., Riley, W. and McCullough, J. (2012), Knowledge, attitudes and practices surveys of blood donation in developing countries. Vox Sanguinis, 103: 64–74. doi: 10.1111/j.1423-0410.2012.01600.x
- Issue published online: 12 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 23 MAR 2012
- Received: 15 August 2011, revised 7 February 2012, accepted 11 February 2012
- attitude and practices survey;
- blood donation;
- blood donor beliefs;
- KAP survey;
Background and Objectives Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) surveys have been used in many countries to understand factors that influence blood donation and as the basis for communication and donor mobilization strategies.
Materials and Methods A search was conducted of publically available databases, and studies with the following characteristics were selected: (1) the study was a knowledge, attitude and practice or KAP plus behaviour survey; (2) the subject of the survey was blood donation; (3) the survey was performed between 1995 and 2011; and (4) the survey was performed in countries classified as emerging and developing by the International Monetary Fund.
Results Eighteen KAP studies conducted in seventeen developing countries were identified. There was considerable difference in the structure, population surveyed and conduct of the KAP studies. The common following themes emerged: misinformation about blood donation, fear of blood donation, willingness to donate for family and friends, concern about selling blood and a failure to transfer positive attitudes into actual blood donation.
Conclusion Despite considerable differences in the culture and demographics of developing countries, several common themes emerged from different KAP surveys.