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Keywords:

  • antibody – function;
  • clinical trial;
  • immunoglobulins;
  • recombinant proteins

Background and Objectives  A human recombinant monoclonal anti-RhD IgG may be useful to prevent RhD allo-immunization. Roledumab is such an antibody with a glycosylation pattern optimized for biological activity. The objective of the study was to assess the safety and pharmacokinetics of roledumab in healthy RhD-negative volunteers.

Materials and Methods  A total of 46 subjects received doses of 30–3000 μg i.v. of roledumab or placebo using a double-blind escalating single-dose design; 12 of these subjects also received 300 μg i.m. of roledumab. Subjects were followed for 6 months after administration. Serum roledumab concentrations were determined using flow cytometry.

Results  Fourteen treatment-emergent adverse events related to treatment were reported in nine subjects, with no apparent difference in their frequency or nature after placebo or roledumab administration. No anti-roledumab antibodies were detected. AUClast increased from 4·4 ng/ml.day at 30 μg i.v. to 2257 ng/ml.day at 3000 g i.v. The t½ ranged from 18 to 22 days, and the absolute bioavailability after i.m. administration was between 73% and 80%.

Conclusion  Roledumab is safe and well tolerated in healthy RhD-negative volunteers and shows a pharmacokinetic profile similar to that of polyclonal anti-RhD immunoglobulin.