Parts of this paper were presented at the Sixth International Cystic Fibrosis Congress in Washington, U.S.A., March 14–16, 1973.
The Neutral Proteases of Human Granulocytes
Isolation and Partial Characterization of Granulocyte Elastases
Article first published online: 3 MAR 2005
European Journal of Biochemistry
Volume 42, Issue 2, pages 519–527, March 1974
How to Cite
Ohlsson, K. and Odsson, I. (1974), The Neutral Proteases of Human Granulocytes. European Journal of Biochemistry, 42: 519–527. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1974.tb03367.x
- Issue published online: 3 MAR 2005
- Article first published online: 3 MAR 2005
- (Received August 2/October 13, 1973)
Elastolytic enzymes were isolated from the extract of the lysosome-like granules of human leukaemic myeloid cells by chromatography on Sephadex G-75, ɛAhx-Sepharose 4 B, elastin-Sepharose 4 B and preparative agarose-gel electrophoresis. The elastase were cationic proteins but appeared as three proteins with a slight difference in electrophoretic mobility. The three elastases degraded native, insoluble elastin with a pH optimum of about 8.5. The granulocyte elastases were inactivated by α1-antitrypsin and α2-macroglobin. The amino-acid composition of the three elastases was the same except for a variation in arginine content. Dodecylsulfate-electrophoresis suggested molecular weights in the range 33000–36000. The s20, w0 value determined for one of the elastases was 2.6 S. The three elastases gave the reaction of identity on immunodiffusion according to Ouchterlony and crossed immunoelectrophoresis. They showed the same type of reaction with elastase partly purified from normal human granulocytes, which also contained three separate elastolytic enzymes.
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