Molecular Transformations in Sarcolasmic Reticulum of Fast-Twitch Muscle by Electro-Stimulation

Authors


  • Symbol. d, days.

Abstract

Chronic electro-stimulation of fast-twitch rabbit muscle with the frequency pattern received by a slow-twitch muscle induces a progressive transformation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum. After 2 days stimulation activities of Ca2+-dependent ATPase and of Ca2+ transport begin to decrease, and are paralleled by a progressive decrease in Ca2+-dependent and Ca2+, Mg2+-dependent phosphoprotein formation, reduced rate of dephosphorylation and a rearrangement of the electrophoretic polypeptide and phosphoprotein patterns. These findings suggest a transformation of the sarcoplasmic reticulum to resemble that of a slow-twitch muscle. This transformation is paralleled by increase in time-to-peak of twitch contraction and half relaxation time and occurs before conversion of the myosin light chain pattern is observed. The parallel time course of changes in contractile properties of stimulated muscle and the molecular and functional properties of the sarcoplasmic reticulum emphasizes the definitive role of the latter in determining the twitch characteristics of fast and slow twitch muscles.

Abbreviations
Hepes

N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N-2-ethane-sulfonic acid

EGTA

ethyleneglycol-bis(2-aminoethylether)-N,N-N′N′-tetraacetic acid

Enzymes
 

ATPase (EC 3.6.1.3)

 

lactate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.27)

 

pyruvate kinase (EC 2.7.1.40)

 

glycogen phosphorylase (EC 2.4.1.1)

Ancillary