Specificity of Solubilized Yeast Glycosyl Transferases for Polyprenyl Derivatives



Four glycosyl transferases solubilized by detergents from Saccharomyces cerevisiae membranes have been tested for their specificity towards various polyprenols differing in chain length and saturation.

  • 1The formation of dolichyl diphosphate-(N-acetylglucosamine)1-2 from uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine and dolichyl monophosphate showed an obligatory requirement for α-saturated polyprenols. The apparent affinity for α-saturated polyprenyl phosphates improves with increasing chain length; those shorter than seven isoprene units were inactive.
  • 2The rate of transfer of the chitobiosyl unit from dolichyl diphosphate chitobiose to the hexapeptide Tyr-Asn-Leu-Thr-Ser-Val followed the sequence: α-dihydropolyprenyl (C55) >(C80 > (C100).
  • 3The enzyme transferring the mannosyl group from guanosine diphosphate mannose to dolichyl monophosphate also showed a clear dependence on α-saturation and chain length. In this case the chain length affects mainly the maximal velocity of the reaction. The highest value was obtained with C55α-dihydropolyprenyl phosphate (100 nmol × h−1× mg protein−1), whereas the value with C35α-dihydropolyprenyl phosphate was only 8 nmol × h−1× mg protein.−1.
  • 4The mannosyl transfer from dolichyl monophosphate mannose to dinitrophenylated tetrapeptide Asn-Ala-Thr-Vol to form on O-glycosidic bond strongly depended on α-saturation and chain length of the polyprenyl phosphate. The rate of transfer correlated directly with the length of the polyprenyl residue. With C80α-dihydropolyprenol less than half the rate of the C100 compound was observed, whereas C55 and C35α-dihydropolyprenol are only 20 and 10% as active, respectively.