• 1
    The ability of external ATP to induce calcium uptake in isolated rat liver cells was further characterized. Stimulation of calcium uptake was specific for ATP, other nucleotides or ATP metabolities had no comparable effect. ATP was dephosphorylated while stimulating calcium uptake, but there was no stoichiometry between ATP hydrolysis and calcium uptake nor did dephosphorylation depend on calcium concentration. ATP acted from outside and was dephosphorylated by an ecto-ATPase of the cells.
  • 2
    In addition to its direct action, ATP enhanced succinate-dependent calcium uptake in a cooperative fashion. This is best explained by differnt sites of action. ATP increases cell membrane permeability while succinate stimulates uptake into mitochondria.
  • 3
    ATP was able to lower Na+ and K+ gradients and the pH gradient between cells and incubation medium. Increasing calcium concentration counteracted this effect though calcium uptake was then stimulated.
  • 4
    Succinate alone did not affect monovalent cation gradients but raised the pH gradient. It partially counteracted the ATP effects on these gradients.
  • 5
    Since catecholamine-like actions of ATP may be mediated by an increase in cytoplasmic calcium concentration, the action of extracellular ATP can be taken as a model to study the role of calcium as a transmitter of hormone actions. From interdependence between ATP-stimulated and succinate-stimulated calcium uptake, conclusions can be drawn on the resulting cytoplasmic calcium concentration and its effect on plasma membrane permeability.