Binding of nucleotides to nucleoside diphosphate kinase monitored by rose Bengal

Authors


Correspondence to I. Lascu, Catedra de Biochimie, Institutul de Medicināşsi Farmacie, Strada Pasteur 6, R-3400 Cluj-Napoca, Roumania

Abstract

The binding of nucleotides to nucleoside-diphosphate kinase from pig heart was studied using the dye rose Bengal as an optical probe. By difference absorption spectroscopy and by equilibrium dialysis it was shown that one dye molecule strongly bound per enzyme subunit. By competition with nucleotides it was shown that two nucleotide-binding sites exist on each subunit of either unphosphorylated or phosphorylated enzyme: one of them binds ATP or ADP tightly, the other one binds rose Bengal tightly and ADP loosely. As detected by different affinities for rose Bengal the enzyme exists in two conformations: a ‘relaxed’ conformation induced by the binding of ADP, and a ‘tense’ conformation induced by the binding of ATP or by phosphorylation.

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