Effect of polyamines on in vitro reconstitution of ribosomal subunits

Authors


Correspondence to K. Igarashi, Research Institute for Chemobiodynamics, Chiba University, 1-8-1, Inohana, Chiba, Japan 280

Abstract

The effect of polyamines on in vitro reconstitution of Escherichia coli 30S and 50S ribosomal subunits has been studied. Spermidine stimulated the reconstitution of 30S particles from 16S rRNA lacking the methyl groups on two neighboring adenines and total proteins of 30S subunits at least 1.6-fold. The reconstitution of 30S particles from normal 16S rRNA and total proteins of 30S subunits exhibited only slight spermidine stimulation. However, the optimal Mg2+ concentration of the reconstitution was decreased from 20 mM to 16 mM in the presence of 3 mM spermidine. In the absence of spermidine the assembly of 30S particles from normal 16S rRNA was more rapid than the assembly from 16S rRNA lacking the methyl groups on two neighboring adenines. The reconstitution of 50S particles from 23S and 5S rRNA and total proteins of 50S subunits was not influenced greatly by spermidine. Gel electrophoresis results, from reconstitution experiments of 30S particles from 16S rRNA lacking the methyl groups on two neighboring adenines and total proteins of 30S subunits, showed that the assembly of S1 and S9 proteins to 23S core particles was stimulated by spermidine during reconstitution. The relationship of polyamine effects on in vitro ribosome assembly from its constituents to in vivo ribosome assembly is discussed.

The reconstitution of Bacillus subtilis 30S particles from 16S rRNA and total proteins of 30S subunits was also stimulated approximately 1.3-fold by 3 mM spermidine.

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