Primary structure of porin from Rhodobacter capsulatus


Correspondence to E. Schiltz, Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Albertstrasse 21, W-7800 Freiburg im Breisgau, Federal Republic of Germany


The primary structure of the integral membrane protein porin from the purple bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus was determined. The protein was cleaved with trypsin, CNBr and Asp-N protease. The peptides were isolated, sequenced and aligned to a total length of 301 residues with an Mr of 31536. The low isoelectric point of 3.9 is confirmed by the high excess of 34 Asp and 17 Glu (16.9%) over 10 Lys, 7 Arg and 2 His (6.3%). Overall sequence similarity to other porins is not evident when using sequence alignment programs. However, a partial relationship to Neisseria porins seems to exist. The established sequence has been used as the basis for a three-dimensional structure determination by X-ray diffraction at 0.18-nm resolution. The arrangement of the sequence in the 16-stranded β-barrel of porin is given. Some sequence-structure correlations are discussed.