SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Beyer, M. & Diekmann, H. (1985) The chitinase system of Streptomyces sp. ATCC 11238 and its significance for fungal cell wall degradation. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 23, 140146.
  • Bibb, M. J. (1986) Gene expression in Streptomyces— nucleotide sequences involved in the initiation of transcription and translation, in Sixth Int. symposium on actinomycetes biology (Szabo, G., Biro, S., & Goodfellow, M., eds) pp. 2534, Akademiai Kidado, Budapest .
  • Blaisceau, P.-L. & Lafay, J.-F. (1992) Primary structure of a chitinase-encoding gene (chil) from the filamentous fungus Aphanocladium album: similarity to bacterial chitinases, Gene (Amst.) 120, 243248.
  • Boller, T., Gehri, A., Mauch, F., & Vögeli, U. (1983) Chitinase in bean leaves: induction by ethylene, purification, properties, and possible function, Planta (Heidelb.) 157, 2231.
  • Bork, P. & Doolittle, R. F. (1992) Proposed acquisition of an animal protein domain by bacteria, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 89, 89908994.
  • Bradford, M. M. (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilising the principle of protein-dye binding, Anal. Biochem. 72, 248254.
  • Broglie, K. E., Gaynor, J. J. & Broglie, R. M. (1986) Ethyleneregulated gene expression: molecular cloning of the genes encoding an endochitinase from Phaseolus vulgaris, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 83, 68206824.
  • Butler, A. R., O'Donnel, R. W., Martin, V. J., Gooday, G. W. & Stark, M. J. R. (1991) Kluyveromyces lactis toxin has an essential chitinase activity, Eur. J. Biochem. 199, 483488.
  • Charpentier, M. & Percheron, F. (1983) The chitin-degrading enzyme-system of a Streptomyces species, Int. J. Biochem. 15, 289292.
  • Chen, J. P., Nagayama, F. & Chang, M. C. (1991) Cloning and expression of a chitinase gene from Aeromonas hydrophila in Escherichia coli, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57, 24262428.
  • Davis, B. & Eveleigh, D. E. (1984) Chitosanases: occurence, production and immobilization, in Chitin, chitosan, and related enzymes (Zikakis, J. P., ed.) pp. 161179, Academic Press, London .
  • Fuchs, R. L., McPherson, S. A. & Drahos, D. J. (1986) Cloning of a Serratia marcescens gene encoding chitinase, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 51, 504509.
  • Fuhrman, J. A., Lane, W. S., Smith, R. F., Piessens, W. F. & Perler, F. B. (1992) Transmission-blocking antibodies recognize microfilarial chitinase in brugian lymphytic filariasis, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 89, 15481552.
  • Gilkes, N. R., Henrissat, B., Kilburn, D. G., Miller, R. C. & Warren, R. A. (1991) Domains in microbial β-1,4-glycanases: sequence conservation, function, and enzyme families, Microbiol. Rev. 55, 303315.
  • Hara, S., Yamamura, Y., Fujii, Y., Mega, T. & Ikenada, T. (1989) Purification and characterization of chitinase produced by Streptomyces erythraeus, J. Biochem. 105, 484489.
  • Harpster, M. H. & Dunsmuir, P. (1989) Nucleotide sequence of the chitinase B gene of Serratia marcescens QMB1466, Nucleic Acids Res. 17, 5395.
  • Henikoff, S. (1987) Unidirectional digestion with exonuclease III in DNA sequence analysis, Methods Enzymol. 155, 156166.
  • Henrissat, B. (1991) A classification of glycosyl hydrolases based on amino acid sequence similarity, Biochem. J. 280, 309316.
  • Henrissat, B., Claeyssens, M., Tomme, P., Lemesle, L. & Mornon, J.-P. (1989) Cellulase families revealed by hydrophobic cluster analysis, Gene (Amst.) 81, 8395.
  • Hopwood, D. A., Bibb, M. J., Chater, K. F., Kieser, T., Bruton, C. J., Kieser, H. M., Lydiate, D. J., Smith, C. P., Ward, J. M. & Schrempf, H. (1985) Genetic manipulation of Streptomyces: a laboratory manual, John Innes Foundation, Norwich .
  • Jekel, P. A., Hartmann, J. B. H. & Beintema, J. J. (1991) The primary structure of hevamine, an enzyme with lysozyme/chitinase activity from Hevea brasiliensis latex, Eur. J. Biochem. 200, 128130.
  • Jeuniaux, C. (1966) Chitinases, Methods Enzymol. 8, 644650.
  • Jones, J. D. G., Grady, K. L., Suslow, T. V. & Bedbrook, J. R. (1986) Isolation and characterisation of genes encoding two chitinase enzymes from Serratia marcescens, EMBO J. 5, 467473.
  • Joshi, S., Kozlowski, M., Selvaraj, G., Iyer, V. N. & Davies, R. W. (1988) Cloning of the genes of the chitin utilization regulon of Serratia liquefaciens, J. Bacteriol. 170, 29842988.
  • Kamei, K., Yamamura, Y., Hara, S. & Ikenaka, T. (1989) Amino acid sequence of chitinase from Streptomyces erythraeus, J. Biochem. 105, 979985.
  • Kessler, A., Dittrich, W., Betzler, M. & Schrempf, H. (1989) Cloning and analysis of a deletable tetracycline-resistance determinant of Streptomyces lividans 1326, Mol. Microbiol. 3, 11031109.
  • Kornblihtt, A. R., Umezawa, K., Vibe-Pedersen, K. & Baralle, F. E. (1985) Primary structure of human fibronectin: differential splicing may generate at least 10 polypeptides from a single gene, EMBO J. 4, 17551759.
  • Kuranda, M. J. & Robbins, P. W. (1991) Chitinase is required for cell separation during growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, J. Biol. Chem. 266, 1975819767.
  • Kutzner, H. J. (1981) The family Streptomycetaceae, in The prokaryotes: a handbook on habitats, isolation and identification of bacteria (Starr, M. P., Stolp, H., Trüper, H. G., Balows, A. & Schlegel, H., eds) vol. 2, pp. 20282090, Springer-Verlag, Berlin .
  • Kyte, J. & Doolittle, R. F. (1982) A simple method for displaying the hydropathic character of a protein, J. Mol. Biol. 157, 105132.
  • Laemmli, U. K. (1970) Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4, Nature 227, 680685.
  • Lemesle-Varloot, L., Henrissat, B., Gaboriaud, C., Bissery, V., Morgat, A. & Mornon, J. P. (1990) Hydrophobic cluster analysis: procedures to derive structural and functional information from 2D-representation of protein sequences, Biochimie (Paris) 72, 555574.
  • Lipman, D. J., Altshul, S. F. & Kececioglu, J. D. (1989) A tool for multiple sequence alignment. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 86, 44124415.
  • Meinke, A., Braun, C., Gilkes, N. R., Kilburn, D. G., Miller, R. C. Jr & Warren, R. A. J. (1991) Unusual sequence organization in CenB, an inverting endoglucanase from Cellulomonas fimi, J. Bacteriol. 173, 308314.
  • Metraux, J. P., Burkhart, W., Moyer, M., Dincher, S., Middlesteadt, W., Williams, S., Payne, G., Carnes, M. & Ryals, J. (1989) Isolation of a complementary DNA encoding a chitinase with structural homology to a bifunctional lysozyme/chitinase, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 86, 896900.
  • Mikkelsen, J. D., Berglund, L., Nielsen, K. K., Christiansen, H. & Bojsen, K. (1992) Structure of endochitinase genes from sugar beets, in Advances in chitin and chitosan (Brine, C. J., Sandfort, P. A. & Zikakis, J. P., eds) pp. 344353, Elsevier Applied Science, London .
  • Miyashita, K., Fujii, T. & Sawada, Y. (1991) Molecular cloning and characterization of chitinase genes from Streptomyces lividans 66, J. Gen. Microbiol. 137, 20652072.
  • Muzarelli, R. A. A. (1977) Chitin, Pergamon Press, Oxford .
  • Nanjo, F., Sakai, K., Ishikawa, M., Isobe, K. & Usui, T. (1989) Properties and transglycosylation reaction of a chitinase from Nocardia orientalis, Agric. Biol. Chem. 53, 21892195.
  • Perlman, D. & Halvorsson, H. O. (1983) A putative signal peptidase recognition site and sequence in eukaryotic and prokaryotic signal peptides, J. Mol. Biol. 167, 391409.
  • Robbins, P. W., Albright, C. & Benfield, B. (1988) Cloning and expression of a Streptomyces plicatus chitinase (chitinase-63) in Escherichia coli, J. Biol. Chem. 263, 443447.
  • Robbins, P. W., Trimble, R. B., Wirth, D. F., Hering, C., Maley, F., Maley, G. F., Das, R., Gibson, B. W., Royal, N. & Biemann, K. (1984) Primary structure of the Streptomyces enzyme endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase H, J. Biol. Chem. 259, 75777583.
  • Robbins, P. W., Overbye, K., Albright, C., Benfield, B. & Pero, J. (1992) Cloning and high-level expression of chitinase-encoding gene of Streptomyces plicatus, Gene (Amst.) 111, 6976.
  • Romaguera, A., Menge, U., Breves, R. & Diekmann, H. (1992) Chitinases of Streptomyces olivaceoviridis and significance of processing for multiplicity, J. Bacteriol. 174, 34503454.
  • Rouvinen, J., Bergfors, T., Teeri, T., Knowles, J. K. C. & Jones, T. A. (1990) Three-dimensional structure of cellobiohydrolase II from Trichoderma reesei, Science 249, 380386.
  • Ruoslathi, E. (1988) Fibronectin and its receptors, Annu. Rev. Biochem. 57, 375413.
  • Saito, T., Suzuki, K., Yamamoto, J., Fukui, T., Miwa, K., Tomita, K., Nakanishi, S., Odani, S., Suzuki, J.-I. & Ishikawa, K. (1989) Cloning, nucleotide sequence, and expression in Echerichia coli of the gene for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) depolymerase from Alcaligenes faecalis, J. Bacteriol. 171, 184189.
  • Saitou, N. & Nei, M. (1987) The neighbor-joining method: a new model for reconstucting phylogenetic trees, Mol. Biol. Evol. 4, 406425.
  • Sakuda, S., Isogai, A., Matsumoto, S. & Suzuki, A. (1987) Search for microbial insect growth regulators II. Allosamidin, a novel insect chitinase inhibitor, J. Antibiot. (Tokyo) 40, 296300.
  • Samac, D. A., Hironaka, C. M., Yallaly, P. E. & Shaw, D. M. (1990) Isolation and characterization of the genes encoding basic and acidic chitinase in Arabidopsis thaliana, Plant Physiol. (Bethesda) 93, 907914.
  • Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F. & Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor NY .
  • Sanger, F., Nicklen, S. & Coulson, A. R. (1977) DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 74, 54635467.
  • Schlochtermeier, A., Walter, S., Schröder, J., Moormann, M. & Schrempf, H. (1992) The gene encoding the cellulase (Avicelase) Cell from Streptomyces reticuli and analysis of protein domains, Mol. Microbiol. 6, 36113621.
  • Sinnott, M. (1990) Catalytic mechanism of enzymatic glycosyl transfer, Chem. Rev. 90, 11711202.
  • Soto-Gil, R. W. & Zyskind, J. W. (1984) Cloning of Vibrio harveyi chitinase and chitobiase genes in Escherichia coli, in Chitin, chitosan, and related enzymes (Zikakis, J. P., ed.) pp. 209223, Academic Press, London .
  • Stark, M. J. R., Boyd, A., Mileham, A. J. & Romanos, M. A. (1990) The plasmid-encoded killer system of Kluyveromyces lactis: a review, Yeast 6, 129.
  • Takegawa, K., Mikami, B., Iwahara, S., Morita, Y., Yamamoto, K. & Tochikura T. (1991) Complete amino acid sequence of endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Flavobacterium sp, Eur. J. Biochem. 202, 175180.
  • Tarentino, A. L. & Maley, F. (1974) Purification and properties of an endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase from Streptomyces griseus, J. Biol. Chem. 249, 811817.
  • Tarentino, A. L., Quinones, G., Schrader, W. P., Changchien, L.-M. & Plummer, T. H. (1992) Multiple endoglycosodase (Endo) F activities expressed by Flavobacterium meningosepticum, J. Biol. Chem. 267, 38683872.
  • Ueno, H., Miyashita, K., Sawada, Y. & Oba, Y. (1990) Purification and some properties of extracellular chitinases from Streptomyces sp. S-84, J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 36, 377392.
  • Vieira, J. & Messing, J. (1982) The pUC plasmids, an M13mp7-derived system for insertion mutagenesis and sequencing with synthetic universal primers, Gene (Amst.) 19, 259268.
  • Watanabe, T., Oyanagi, W., Suzuki, K. & Tanaka, H. (1990a) Chitinase system of Bacillus circulans WL-12 and importance of chitinase A1 in chitin degradation, J. Bacteriol. 172, 40174022.
  • Watanabe, T., Suzuki, K., Oyanagi, W., Ohnishi, K. & Tanaka, H. (1990b) Gene cloning of chitinase A1 from Bacillus circulans WL-12 revealed its evolutionary relationship to Serratia chitinase and to the type III homology units of fibronectin, J. Biol. Chem. 265, 1565915665.
  • Watanabe, T., Oyanagi, W., Suzuki, K., Ohnishi, K. & Tanaka, H. (1992) Structure of the gene encoding chitinase D of Bacillus circulans WL-12 and possible homology of the enzyme to other prokaryotic chitinases and class III plant chitinases, J. Bacteriol. 174, 408414.
  • West, S., Schröder, J. & Kunz, W. (1990) A multiple staining procedure for the detection of different DNA fragments on a single blot, Anal. Biochem. 190, 254258.
  • Williams, S. T., Goodfellow, M., Alderson, G., Wellington, E. M. H., Sneath, P. H. A. & Sackin, M. J. (1983) Numerical classification of Streptomyces and related genera, J. Gen. Microbiol. 129, 17431813.
  • Wortmann, A. T., Sommerville, C. C. & Colwell, R. R. (1986) Chitinase determinants of Vibrio vulnificus: gene cloning and applications of a chitinase probe, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 52, 142145.
  • Wynne, E. C. & Pemberton, J. M. (1986) Cloning of a gene cluster from Cellvibrio mixtus which codes for cellulase, chitinase, amylase and pectinase, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 52, 13621367.
  • Yanai, K., Takaya, N., Kojima, N., Horiuchi, H., Ohta, A. & Takagi, M. (1992) Purification of two chitinases from Rhizopus oligosporus and isolation and sequencing of the encoding genes, J. Bacteriol. 174, 73987406.
  • Yanisch-Perron, C., Vieira, J. & Messing, J. (1985) Improved M13 phage cloning vectors and host strains: nucleotide sequences of the M13mp18 and pUC19 vectors, Gene (Amst.) 33, 103119.
  • Zotchev, S. W., Soldatova, L. I., Orekhov, A. V. & Schrempf, H. (1992) Characterization of a linear extrachromosomal element pBL1 isolated after interspecific mating between Streptomyces bambergensis and Streptomyces lividans, Res. Microbiol. 143, 839845.