A 115-bp promoter fragment of the aldolase C gene is sufficient for conferring neural cell specificity on a reporter gene, in cultured PC12 cells and in transgenic mice. In vitro DNase I protection experiments detected two footprints on the promoter, termed boxes A/A', and B. The 5′ A/A' box contains overlapping Sp1 and Krox20/Krox24 binding sites; it binds Sp1 in fibroblasts (box A') and a different complex in brain (box A). Any deletion or mutation of this box that impairs protein recognition also suppresses promoter activity. The replacement of box A/A' by a Sp1 consensus binding site results in the loss of the brain specificity of expression in transgenic mice. Further 3′, box B is composed of a 5′ direct repeat and a 3′ GC box consisting of overlapping Sp1 and Krox20/Krox24 binding sites. Mutation of the direct repeat subregion appears to be more deleterious for the promoter activity than mutation of the G+C-rich subregion.
upstream mouse sequence
simian virus 40
polymerase chain reaction
Aldolase C, fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (EC 220.127.116.11)