SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ausubel, F. M., Brent, R., Kingston, R. E., Moore, D. D., Seidman, J. G., Smith, J. A. & Struhl, K. (1988) Current protocols in molecular biology, vol. 2, John Wiley, New York .
  • Banno, H., Hirano, K., Nakamura, T., Irie, K., Nomoto, S., Matsumoto, K. & Machida, Y. (1993) NPK1, a tobacco gene that encodes a protein with a domain homologous to yeast BCK1, STE11, and Byr2 protein kinases, Mol. Cell. Biol. 13, 47454752.
  • Blenis, J. (1993) Signal transduction via the MAP kinases: proceed at your own RSK, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 90, 58895892.
  • Blumer, K. J. & Johnson, G. L. (1994) Diversity in function and regulation of MAP kinase pathways, Trends Biochem. Sci. 19, 236240.
  • Boulton, T. G., Yancopoulos, G. D., Gregory, J. S., Slaughter, C., Moomaw, C., Hsu, J. & Cobb, M. H. (1990) An insulin-stimulated protein kinase similar to yeast kinases involved in cell cycle control, Science 249, 6467.
  • Bradford, M. (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding, Anal. Biochem. 72, 248254.
  • Brill, J. A., Elion, E. A. & Fink, G. R. (1994) A role for autophosphorylation revealed by activated alleles of FUS3, the yeast MAP kinase homolog, Mol. Biol. Cell 5, 297312.
  • Brunner, D., Oellers, N., Szabad, J. & Biggs, W. H. (1994) A gain-of-function mutation in Drosophila MAP kinase activates multiple receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathways, Cell 76, 875888.
  • Chang, J. Y. (1985) Thrombin specificity, Eur. J. Biochem. 151, 217224.
  • Charest, D. L., Mordret, G., Harder, K. W., Jirik, F. & Pelech, S. L. (1993) Molecular cloning, expression and characterization of the human mitogen-activated protein kinase p44erk1, Mol. Cell. Biol. 13, 46794690.
  • Davis, R. J. (1994) MAPKs: new JNK expands the group, Trends Biochem. Sci. 19, 470473.
  • Duerr, B., Gawienowski, M., Ropp, T. & Jacobs, T. (1993) MsERK1: a mitogen-activated protein kinase from a flowering plant, Plant Cell 5, 8796.
  • Elion, E. A., Grisafi, P. & Fink, G. R. (1990) FUS3 encodes a cdc2+/CDC28-related kinase required for the transition from mitosis into conjugation, Cell 60, 649664.
  • Errede, B. & Levin, D. E. (1993) A conserved kinase cascade for MAP kinase activation in yeast, Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 5, 254260.
  • Gartner, A., Nasmyth, K. & Ammerer, G. (1992) Signal transduction in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires tyrosine and threonine phosphorylation of FUS3 and KSS1, Genes & Dev. 6, 12801292.
  • Gerstel, D. U. (1976) Tobacco, in Evolution of crop plants (Simmond, N. W., ed.) pp. 273277, Longman, London .
  • Gómez, N. & Cohen, P. (1992) Dissection of the protein kinase cascade by which nerve growth factor activates MAP kinases, Nature 353, 170173.
  • Han, J., Lee, J. D., Bibbs, L. & Ulevitch, R. J. (1994) A MAP kinase targeted by endotoxin and hyperosmolarity in mammalian cells, Science 265, 808811.
  • Hanks, S. K. & Quinn, A. M. (1991) Protein kinase catalytic domain sequence database: identification of conserved features of primary structure and classification of family members, Methods Enzymol. 200, 3862.
  • Johnson, G. L. & Vaillancourt, R. R. (1994) Sequential protein kinase reactions controlling cell growth and differentiation, Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 6, 230238.
  • Jonak, C., Páy, A., Bögre, L., Hirt, H. & Heberle-Bors, E. (1993) The plant homologue of MAP kinase is expressed in a cell cycle-dependent and organ-specific manner, Plant J. 3, 611617.
  • Jonak, C., Heberle-Bors, E. & Hirt, H. (1994) MAP kinases: universal multi-purpose signaling tools, Plant Mol. Biol. 24, 407416.
  • Kieber, J. J., Rothenberg, M., Roman, G., Feldmann, K. A. & Ecker, J. R. (1993) CTR1, a negative regulator of the ethylene response pathway in Arabidopsis, encodes a member of the Rat family of protein kinases, Cell 72, 427441.
  • Krisak, L., Strich, R., Scott-Winters, R., Perry Hall, J., Mallory, M. J., Kreitzer, D., Tuan, R. S. & Winter, E. (1994) SMK1, a developmentally regulated MAP kinase, is required for spore wall assembly in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Genes & Dev. 8, 21512161.
  • Kyriakis, J. M., Banerjee, P., Nikolakaki, E., Dai, T., Ruble, E. A., Ahmad, M. F., Avruch, K. & Woodgett, J. R. (1994) The stress-activated kinase subfamily of cJun kinases, Nature 369, 156160.
  • Laemmli, U. K. (1970) Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4, Nature 227, 680685
  • Lütcke, H., Chow, K., Mickel, F., Moss, K., Kern, H. & Scheele, G. (1987) Selection of AUG initiation codons differs in plants and animals, EMBO J. 6, 4348.
  • Maeda, T., Wurgler-Murphy, S. M. & Saito, H. (1994) A two-component system that regulates an osmosensing MAP kinase cascade in yeast, Nature 369, 242245.
  • Matten, W. T. & Vande Woude, G. F. (1994) Cell cycle control and early embryogenesis: Xenopus laevis maturation and early embryonic cell cycles, Dev. Biol. 5, 173181.
  • Mizoguchi, T., Hayashida, N., Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K. T., Kamada, H. & Shinozaki, K. (1993) ATMPKs: a family of plant MAP kinases in Arabidopsis thaliana, FEBS Lett. 336, 440444.
  • Mizoguchi, T., Gotoh, Y., Nishida, E., Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K., Hayashida, N., Iwasaki, T., Kamada, H. & Shinozaki, K. (1994) Characterization of two cDNAs that encode MAP kinase homologues in Arabidopsis thaliana and analysis of the possible role of auxin in activating such kinase activities in cultured cells. Plant J. 5, 111122.
  • Moodie, S. A. & Wolfman, A. (1994) The 3Rs of life: Ras, Raf and growth regulation, Trends Genet. 10, 4448.
  • Mordret, G. (1993) Map kinase kinase: a node connecting multiple pathways, Biol. Cell. 79, 193207.
  • Neiman, A. M. (1993) Conservation and reiteration of a kinase cascade, Trends Genet. 9, 390394.
  • Owaki, H., Makar, R., Boulton, T. G., Cobb, M. H. & Geppert, T. D. (1992) Extracellular signal-regulated kinases in T cells: characterization of human ERK1 and ERK2 cDNAs, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 182, 14161422.
  • Payne, D. M., Rossomando, A. J., Martino, P., Erickson, A. K., Her, J. H., Shabanowitz, J., Hunt, D. F., Weber, M. J. & Sturgill, T. W. (1991) Identification of the regulatory phosphorylation sites in pp42/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase), EMBO J. 10, 885892.
  • Robbins, D. J., Zhen, E., Owaki, H., Vanderbilt, C. A., Ebert, D., Geppert, T. D. & Cobb, M. H. (1993) Regulation and properties of extra-cellular signal-regulated protein kinases 1 and 2 in vitro, J. Biol. Chem. 268, 50975106.
  • Rossomando, A. J., Sanghera, J. S., Marsden, L. A., Weber, M. J., Pelech, S. L. & Sturgill, T. W. (1991) Biochemical characterization of a family of serine/threonine protein kinases regulated by tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation, J. Biol. Chem. 266, 2027020275.
  • Sánchez, I., Hughes, R. T., Mayer, B. J., Yee, K., Woodgett, J. R., Avruch, J., Kyriakis, J. M. & Zon, L. I. (1994) Role of SAPK/ERK kinase-1 in the stress-activated pathway regulating transcription factor c-Jun, Nature 372, 794798.
  • Sanger, F., Nicklen, S. & Coulson, A. R. (1977) DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 74, 54635467.
  • Schüller, C., Brewster, J. L., Alexander, M. R., Gustin, M. C. & Ruis, H. (1994) The HOG pathway controls osmotic regulation of trascription via the stress response element (STRE) of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CTT1 gene, EMBO J. 13, 43824389.
  • Stafstrom, J. P., Altschuler, M. & Anderson, D. H. (1993) Molecular cloning and expression of a MAP kinase homologue from pea, Plant Mol. Biol. 22, 8390.
  • Vicente, O., Benito Moreno, R. M. & Heberle-Bors, E. (1991) Pollen cultures as a tool to study plant development, Cell Biol. Rev. 25, 295305.
  • Wilson, C., Eller, N., Gartner, A., Vicente, O. & Heberle-Bors, E. (1993) Isolation and characterization of a tobacco cDNA clone encoding a putative MAP kinase, Plant Mol. Biol. 23, 543551.
  • Wu, J., Harrison, J. K., Dent, P., Lynch, K. R., Weber, M. J. & Sturgill, T. W. (1993) Identification and characterization of a new mammalian mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, MKK2, Mol. Cell. Biol. 13, 45394548.
  • Wu, Y. & Han, M. (1994) Suppression of activated Let-60 Ras protein defines a role of Caenorhabditis elegant Sur-1 MAP kinase in vulval differentiation, Genes & Dev. 8, 147159.
  • Zheng, C. F. & Guan, K. L. (1993) Properties of MEKs, the kinases that phosphorylate and activate the extracellular signal-regulated kinases, J. Biol. Chem. 268, 2393323939.