• CMV;
  • rat;
  • organ transplantation. Class II expression;
  • CMV. rat

Abstracts Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is thought to trigger acute or chronic allograft rejection by inducing the expression of MHC class II antigens in the graft. This induction may be mediated by γ-interferon or directly by CMV. In this study, we have investigated which structures in the rat kidney, liver, and heart are responsive to CMV-induced class II expression in vivo. Rats were infected with rat CMV, the organs were harvested during the acute phase of infection, and the virus was demonstrated by culture from each organ. Direct CMV antigen detection was performed on frozen sections to demonstrate the detailed localization of CMV in the organs. In the kidney, CMV antigens were found in the vascular endothelium, in tubular cells, and scattered in the glomeruli. In the liver, the vascular structures and parenchyma contained CMV antigens. In the heart, CMV antigens were seen only in the capillary endothelium. Class II antigen expression was demonstrated by a monoclonal antibody and immunoperoxidase techniques. The induction of class II molecules was recorded in exactly the same cellular structures as those in which CMVantigens were detected.