• Autoimmune hepatitis;
  • Subtypes;
  • Liver transplantation

Abstract The relevance of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) classification for clinical purposes is controversial. We analyzed the outcome after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) of nine type I and seven type II AIH patients. Type II patients had a significantly higher incidence of cirrhosis at the time of diagnosis, more resistance to steroid therapy, and a higher Child-Pugh score at the time of OLT. OLT was performed in emergency in three type II patients and electively in all type I patients. Four type II and one type I patients died in the postoperative period. There was no difference regarding the incidence of post-OLT infection and rejection between the two types. The 6-year actuarial survival rates for type I and type II patients were 76% and 43%, respectively. Type II AIH patients who have a poor response to medical therapy should be considered for OLT with a shortened delay.