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Keywords:

  • Pregnancy;
  • Liver transplantation;
  • HBV hepatitis;
  • Lamivudine;
  • Immunosuppressant drugs

Abstract Pregnancy is often successful after liver transplantation, despite the potentially toxic effects of immunosuppressive drug therapy. Liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C or hepatitis B nonetheless appear to be at risk of a worse graft function in the event of pregnancy, and antiviral drugs are generally contraindicated in pregnancy because of their teratogenic effects. A 33-year-old woman had undergone liver transplantation for Caroli's disease 6 years previously. Two years later the patient experienced de novo HBV hepatitis. Lamivudine treatment (100 mg/day) was started and clearance of HBsAg was documented 1 year later. Four years after starting antiviral treatment the patient became pregnant, despite of the risk of teratogenic effects; lamivudine, cyclosporine and azathioprine were not discontinued for risk of break-through hepatitis and acute or chronic rejection. The course of gestation was uneventful and caesarean section was performed after 36 weeks. The newborn infant was a healthy male weighing 3,080 g and measuring 50 cm.