• 1
    Kreek MJ, Raziano JV, Hardy RE, Jeffries GH. Portal hypertension with bleeding vaginal varices. Ann Intern Med 1967; 66: 756.
  • 2
    Eriksson LS, Hårdstedt C, Law DH, Thulin L. Massive haemorrhage from vaginal varicose veins in patient with liver cirrhosis. Lancet 1982; 1: 1180.
  • 3
    Marzotko E, Pfeiffer R, Nenning H, Kohler U. Vaginal hemorrhage after hysterectomy as a complication of alcohol-induced liver cirrhosis. Zentralbl Gynakol 1996; 118: 417.
  • 4
    Hoshida Y, Saitoh S, Murashima N et al. Vaginal variceal haemorrhage in a patient with primary biliary cirrhosis: a case successfully treated by balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration. Am J Gastroent 1999; 94: 3081.
    Direct Link:
  • 5
    Bosch J, Burroughs AK. Clinical signs and treatment of digestive bleeding in cirrhotic patients. In: BenhamouJP, BirgerJ, McIntyreN, RizettoM, RodesJ, eds. Hepatologie Clinique, 2nd edn. Medecine-Science Flammarion, 2002: 680691.
  • 6
    Stanley AJ, Hayes PC. Portal hypertension and variceal haemorrhage. Lancet 1997; 350: 1235.
  • 7
    Azoulay D, Castaing D, Majno P et al. Salvage transjugular intra-hepatic portosystemic shunt for uncontrolled variceal bleeding in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. J Hepatol 2001; 35: 590.