Combined liver–kidney transplantation is considered a low risk for immunologic complication. We report an unusual case of identical ABO liver–kidney recipient without preformed anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies, transplanted across a T- and B-cell-negative cross-match and complicated by early acute humoral and cellular rejection, first in the liver then in the kidney. While analyzing the immunologic complications in our cohort of 12 low-risk combined liver–kidney recipients, only one recipient experienced a rejection episode without detection of anti-HLA antibody over time. Although humoral or cellular rejection is rare after combined kidney-liver transplantation, our data suggest that even in low-risk recipients, the liver does not always systematically protect the kidney from acute rejection. Indeed, the detection of C4d in the liver should be carefully followed after combined liver–kidney transplantation.