• carcinoma;
  • hepatocellular;
  • liver;
  • selection;
  • transplantation


Recently, several groups have introduced expanded criteria for selection of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prior to transplant, but the exact number of potential newly recruited patients remains unclear. This registry-based study assessed 270 patients diagnosed with HCC. The potential number of transplant candidates was based on age (≤65 years), absence of metastases and macro-vascular invasion, and on 12 previously published, expanded selection criteria. A wide range of increase in the number of transplant candidates was observed (12–63% when compared with the number of such candidates who would have been selected solely based on the Milan criteria). The most conservative criteria were Seoul (Kwon, 2007; increase of 12%), Valencia (Silva, 2008; 16%), total tumor volume/alpha-fetoprotein (Toso, 2009; 20%) and UCSF (Yao, 2007; 20%). This data will assist Centers and policy agencies in predicting the need for resources linked to an expansion of criteria.