Recently, several groups have introduced expanded criteria for selection of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prior to transplant, but the exact number of potential newly recruited patients remains unclear. This registry-based study assessed 270 patients diagnosed with HCC. The potential number of transplant candidates was based on age (≤65 years), absence of metastases and macro-vascular invasion, and on 12 previously published, expanded selection criteria. A wide range of increase in the number of transplant candidates was observed (12–63% when compared with the number of such candidates who would have been selected solely based on the Milan criteria). The most conservative criteria were Seoul (Kwon, 2007; increase of 12%), Valencia (Silva, 2008; 16%), total tumor volume/alpha-fetoprotein (Toso, 2009; 20%) and UCSF (Yao, 2007; 20%). This data will assist Centers and policy agencies in predicting the need for resources linked to an expansion of criteria.