Effect of a triple blockade of the renin-angiotensin-system in recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis after kidney transplantation

Authors


Helga Frank MD, Nephrology Department, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Ismaninger Strasse 22, 81675 Munich, Germany. Tel.: ++49/89-41407290; fax.: ++49/89-41404878; e-mail: Helga.Frank@lrz.tum.de

Summary

Recurrent focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) after renal transplantation with nephrotic syndrome is a serious problem with a high risk of graft loss. The therapeutic role of renin-angiotensin-system (RAS) blockers in recurrent FSGS is not clear. We present the safety and efficacy of an intensified triple RAS blockade with an ACE-inhibitor, an AT 1 receptor blocker and the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren in a 29-year-old renal transplant recipient with biopsy proven recurrence of FSGS and relapsing severe nephrotic syndrome. We subsequently used full dose ramipril, candesartan and aliskiren under a close monitoring of kidney function and electrolytes and examined the effect on proteinuria, clinical course and tolerability over 12 months. We found a significant and sustained antiproteinuric effect under triple RAS blockade. RAS blockade was generally well tolerated. This can offer a new therapeutic approach in selected hypertensive patients with recurrent FSGS.

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