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Unemployment by gender and gender catching-up: Empirical evidence from the Italian regions

Authors


  • We are indebted to Riccardo Gatto for assistance with the data, and to Giuseppe Ciccarone and Massimiliano Tancioni for discussion and suggestions. We are also grateful to three anonymous referees for useful comments. The usual disclaimer applies. Financial support from PRIN 2008 (Prot. 2008YBH7L) is gratefully acknowledged.

Abstract

We examine the dynamic behaviour of unemployment rates by gender and of the gender unemployment gap over the 1992–2009 period by Italian regions. The results from unit root tests with unknown structural breaks indicate that the gender unemployment gap has narrowed in most cases. However, the pace of catching-up and the dynamic behaviour characterizing the individual unemployment series differ substantially from one region to another. We comment on our results in the light of the reforms applied in the Italian labour market over the last two decades.

Resumen

Examinamos el comportamiento dinámico de las tasas de desempleo por género y de la disparidad en el desempleo entre géneros en el período 1992-2009 en las regiones italianas. Los resultados de las pruebas de raíces unitarias con cambio estructural desconocido indican que la disparidad en el desempleo entre géneros se ha reducido en la mayoría de los casos. Sin embargo, el ritmo de convergencia y el comportamiento dinámico que caracteriza las series de desempleo individuales difieren sustancialmente entre regiones. Se comentan los resultados a la luz de las reformas aplicadas en el mercado laboral italiano de las últimas dos décadas.

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