University-industry linkages: What are the determinants of distance in collaborations?

Authors


  • This work benefited from valuable comments from two anonymous referees, Simona Iammarino, Francesco Lissoni and, most of all, Giovanna Vallanti. The author would like to acknowledge the financial support of the Italian Ministry of University and Research (FIRB Project 2003 – Prot. RBNE033K2R: ‘A multidimensional approach to technology transfer for more efficient organizational models’).

Abstract

In the last twenty years, universities' efforts to collaborate with industry and foster knowledge transfer have increased progressively. Many of these efforts have been directed at firms located at a distance from the university, and sometimes in a different country. Based on an original database of interviews with 197 Italian university departments, this paper determines the effects of geographical location, research performance and researcher mobility on the frequency of university-industry collaborations and on the probability of departments engaging in distant collaborations.

Resumen

En los últimos veinte años, los esfuerzos de las universidades para colaborar con la industria y fomentar la transferencia de conocimientos han aumentado progresivamente. Muchos de estos esfuerzos se han dirigido a las empresas situadas a una cierta distancia de la universidad y, a veces, en un país diferente. De acuerdo con una base de datos original de entrevistas a 197 departamentos universitarios italianos, este artículo determina los efectos de la localización geográfica, el rendimiento de los resultados de investigación y la movilidad de los investigadores en la frecuencia de las colaboraciones universidad-empresa y en la probabilidad de que los departamentos participen en colaboraciones a distancia.

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