Social capital in industrial districts: Influence of the strength of ties and density of the network on the sense of belonging to the district

Authors


  • This research was financed by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science, National R&D&Innovation Plan 2007-2010, under the project entitled ‘El Distrito Industrial: El impacto del Capital Social sobre la Gestión de la Cadena de Suministro’ (The Industrial District: The impact of Social Capital on the management of the Supply Chain) (SEJ2007-62876/ECON).

Abstract

A sense of belonging is a crucial factor determining the identification of the firms in industrial districts. From the social capital perspective, this paper analyses how the structural and relational dimensions of social capital determine a firm's sense of belonging to the industrial district. The study analyses a sample of 213 companies belonging to two Spanish industrial districts. Results of the survey offer an important contribution to the specific literature by finding the explanatory factors with which to distinguish between groups according to their level of embeddedness in the district.

Resumen

El sentido de pertenencia es un factor crucial determinante para la identificación de las empresas en distritos industriales. Desde la perspectiva del capital social, este artículo analiza cómo las dimensiones estructurales y relacionales del capital social determinan el sentido de pertenencia de una empresa al distrito industrial. El estudio analiza una muestra de 213 empresas pertenecientes a dos distritos industriales españoles. Los resultados de la encuesta ofrecen una contribución importante a la literatura especializada merced al hallazgo de los factores explicativos con los que distinguir entre grupos en función de su grado de arraigo en el distrito.

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