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Keywords:

  • Blumeria graminis;
  • fatty acid;
  • induced resistance;
  • Triticum aestivum

Abstract

This work presents a global investigation of total fatty acid (FA) content in wheat in relation to treatment with four inducers of resistance and to powdery mildew infection. Linolenic acid (C18:3), linoleic acid (C18:2) and palmitic acid (16:0) were the most abundant FAs in wheat leaves. We investigated the effect of the following inducers of resistance: Iodus40, heptanoyl salicylic acid (HSA), Milsana and trehalose on FA accumulation. Previous studies established that lipid metabolism is altered by these compounds, and we therefore aimed to characterise their impact at the FA level. During a time course experiment, content (quantitative analysis) and percentage (qualitative analysis) of FAs were compared in treated plants and in controls, as well as in plants inoculated with Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (i) and non-inoculated (ni) plants. No change in C18:3 content was observed. C18:1 in Iodus 40-treated (ni) plants showed a quantitative 1.2-fold increase. Lauric acid (C12:0) content quantitatively increased after Iodus 40 (2.8-fold), Milsana (4.8-fold) and trehalose (4.0-fold) treatment in (i) plants. However, eicosadienoic acid (C20:2) quantitatively decreased in (ni) plants after Iodus 40 (1.5-fold) and Milsana (2.3-fold) treatment. The amount of C18:2 increased (1.6-fold) after HSA treatment in (i) plants. All these variations in FA content were correlated with variations in the corresponding relative percentages. Our work provides the first evidence for alterations in C12:0, C18:1, C18:2 and C20:2 FA content caused by four resistance inducers. We also compared the amount and percentage of each FA in untreated (i) and (ni) plants. In (i) plants, eicosadienoic acid (C20:2) increased and C18:2 decreased slightly. The potential involvement of these FAs during induced resistance and infection is discussed.