These authors contributed equally to this work.
Isolation and characterisation of Chrysanthemum crassum SOS1, encoding a putative plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter
Article first published online: 8 MAR 2012
© 2012 German Botanical Society and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands
Volume 14, Issue 5, pages 706–713, September 2012
How to Cite
Song, A., Lu, J., Jiang, J., Chen, S., Guan, Z., Fang, W. and Chen, F. (2012), Isolation and characterisation of Chrysanthemum crassum SOS1, encoding a putative plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter. Plant Biology, 14: 706–713. doi: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2011.00560.x
Editor G. Thiel
- Issue published online: 1 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 8 MAR 2012
- Received: 11 October 2011; Accepted: 15 December 2011
- Chrysanthemum crissum;
- plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter;
- salt tolerance;
A full-length cDNA homologue of SOS1 (salt overly sensitive 1) was isolated from the salinity-tolerant species Chrysanthemum crassum and found to encode a Na+/H+ antiporter, using degenerate PCR and RACE-PCR. The 3752-bp sequence comprised a 3438 bp open reading frame, encoding a 127-kDa protein with 12 transmembrane domains within its N terminal portion, and a hydrophilic cytoplasmic tail in its C-terminal portion. CcSOS1 appears to be a plasma membrane protein, and shares ∼62% identity at the peptide level with its Arabidopsis thaliana homologue. Expression of CcSOS1 in the roots of C. crassum was sensitive to salinity stress, while in the leaves CcSOS1 was down-regulated in the presence of abscisic acid. CcSOS1 transcript abundance was reduced in both roots and leaves of plants exposed to low temperature, while it was increased in leaves (but not in roots) after drought stress. CcSOS1 expression was not regulated in the presence of CaCl2. A heterologous complementation assay in yeast suggested that CcSOS1 directs Na+ efflux, mimicking the function of the endogenous NHA1 protein. Thus CcSOS1 appears to encode a salinity-inducible plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter. This gene may be useful in transgenic approaches to improving the salinity tolerance of related ornamental species.