I dedicate this paper to Wolfgang Wickler on the occasion of his 60th birthday.
Factors Influencing Leadership: A Study of Goose Families (Anser indicus))1
Article first published online: 26 APR 2010
1991 Blackwell Verlag GmbH
Volume 89, Issue 4, pages 265–274, January-December 1991
How to Cite
Lamprecht, J. (1991), Factors Influencing Leadership: A Study of Goose Families (Anser indicus)). Ethology, 89: 265–274. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.1991.tb00372.x
- Issue published online: 26 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 26 APR 2010
- Received: March 25, 1991; Accepted: November 7, 1991
Starting from the proposition that leadership in animal groups is closely related to proximity maintenance between members, the relative contributions to mutual proximity (approach/leaving index) of parents and offspring were determined for 29 semi-captive bar-headed goose families (Anser indicus) in the context of undisturbed feeding. Up to 6 d of age goslings contributed more, when older than 10 d less than their parents to proximity. The percentage of following by parents was negatively related to goose density, and positively to the frequency of defence when offspring were very young, and to brood size when offspring were older. The results are compared with opposite findings in monkeys and explained in terms of likely benefits of leaving and following. Two general characteristics of group leaders (competence or need of support) are suggested.