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Abstract

The male of Uca (Deltuca) arcuata, a vertical claw-waving fiddler in the Indo-Pacific, is used to court females by approaching them from his burrow or while wandering. Differences in the rate of encounters with females between burrow-holding males and burrowless wandering males are found not to be significant. Burrow-holding males less often cause displacement of wandering by females than wandering males do. Wandering of females caused by wandering males occurs as often as wandering of males caused by other males. Thus, burrow-holding males tend not to reduce the number of their potential mates in the neighborhood.

Burrow dwelling males are apt to start wandering after decreased encounters with females. Wandering males experience more interactions with other males than burrow-holding males do. Most wandering males that displace burrow owners descend the burrows one or more times after displacing the owners. The extra fighting for temporary burrows is responsible for no increase of the encounter rate with females during wandering.