Heterospecific Vocal Interactions in a Frog from the Southern Temperate Forest, Batrachyla taeniata


Mario Penna, Program of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Chile, Independencia 1027, Santiago 70005, Chile.
E-mail: mpenna@med.uchile.cl


Animals using sound communication employ different strategies to overcome interferences from biotic and abiotic sources. However, interactions among acoustically active species have been studied to a very limited extent. The evoked vocal responses of 20 male frogs Batrachyla taeniata from the temperate austral forest in Chile were tested with conspecific calls and with the calls of two sympatric species: B. antartandica and B. leptopus, broadcast at amplitudes of 73, 79, 85, 91 and 97 dB peak SPL. The subjects responded actively to the conspecific call, but only responded weakly to the call of B. leptopus at the highest intensity. The preferential responses to conspecific calls could contribute to the typical segregation in monospecific choruses observed in areas where these frogs breed in sympatry.