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Diversity of Cryphonectria parasitica in western Spain and identification of hypovirus-infected isolates

Authors

  • P. Zamora,

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Producción Vegetal y Recursos Forestales, ETSIIAA Palencia, University of Valladolid, Madrid, Palencia, Spain
    • Centro de Sanidad Forestal de Calabazanos, Consejería de Medio Ambiente, JCyL, Villamuriel de Cerrato, Palencia, Spain
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  • A. B. Martín,

    1. Centro de Sanidad Forestal de Calabazanos, Consejería de Medio Ambiente, JCyL, Villamuriel de Cerrato, Palencia, Spain
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  • D. Rigling,

    1. WSL Swiss Federal Research Institute, Birmensdorf, Switzerland
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  • J. J. Diez

    1. Departamento de Producción Vegetal y Recursos Forestales, ETSIIAA Palencia, University of Valladolid, Madrid, Palencia, Spain
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E-mail: zambrapa@jcyl.es

Summary

Isolates of the chestnut blight fungus Cryphonectria parasitica were obtained from 44 localities in four provinces in Western Spain and characterized for vegetative compatibility (vc) types, mating types and the presence of Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 (CHV1). Among the 1232 isolates recovered from chestnut blight cankers, 11 vc types were identified: five known vc types included in EU1 to EU74 (EU1, EU11, EU12, EU28 and EU66) and six unknown vc types (CL4, CL5 CL6, CL8, CL9 and CL10). The number of vc types found per province varied between two and seven. The vc type EU11 was present in all provinces and accounted for 48.9% of all isolates. EU1 was detected in three provinces and accounted for 39.1% of the isolates. The vc types EU12, EU66, CL5 and CL6 were present in one or two provinces and comprised between 2.4% and 3% of the isolates. The other vc types were represented by only one or very few isolates. The mating type MAT-1 was largely dominant in the provinces Leon and Avila, while both mating types MAT-1 and MAT-2 were found in Salamanca and Zamora. Fourteen hypovirus-infected C. parasitica isolates were found, nine were in vc type EU1 and five in EU11, and they were detected only in the province León. All isolates analysed contained the French hypovirus subtype CHV1-F1.

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