• Rice;
  • Oryza sativa;
  • NaCl;
  • germination;
  • GA3;
  • enzymes


Interactive effect of NaCl salinity and gibberellic acid (GA3) on seedling growth and carbohydrate metabolism of rice was studied for five days. NaCl reduced the embryo axis growth and the rate of hydrolysis of starch in the endosperm. Parallel to this reduced rate of reserve carbohydrate mobilization, a decreased activity of α-amylase, β-amylase, maltase and invertase was also found in the endosperm of sale stressed seeds. Presoaking treatment of seeds with GA3 (10 mg l−1), however, increased the growth of seedlings and enhanced the hydrolysis of starch as well as the activities of said enzymes. Electrophoretic analysis revealed that NaCl inhibits the synthesis of amylase isozymes which, in turn, reversed considerably by GA3 application.