With 12 figures and 5 tables
Relation Between Pattern of Development of Wheat Seedlings and Growth Rate of Leaves, Tillers and Roots
Article first published online: 22 APR 2008
Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science
Volume 176, Issue 3, pages 199–211, May 1996
How to Cite
Schipper, J. (1996), Relation Between Pattern of Development of Wheat Seedlings and Growth Rate of Leaves, Tillers and Roots. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 176: 199–211. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-037X.1996.tb00464.x
- Issue published online: 22 APR 2008
- Article first published online: 22 APR 2008
- Received July 16, 1995; accepted October 31, 1995
- Wheat seedlings;
- growth pattern;
- dry matter;
Relation between pattern of development of wheat seedlings (Triticum aestivum L. Fiori et Paol.) and growth rate of leaves, tillers and roots.
In two glasshouse and two phytotron experiments, the early growth and development of spring wheat and unvernalized autumn wheat in long and short days was observed by frequent assessments of dry weight of shoots and roots and by daily measurements of length and dry weight of individual leaves. In an additional experiment, the pattern of dry matter distribution during germination was studied.
The rate of leaf emergence and appearance was decelerated by short days in spring wheat and by long days in unvernalized autumn wheat.
The growth rate of individual leaves showed a pattern of successive reductions and accelerations, being highly synchronized between leaves and clearly related to the succession in emergence of leaves and tillers.
Growth rates of main shoot and tillers were apparently synchronized, while those of the seminal root system appeared to show an oppositional pattern as compared to the shoot.
It is suggested that variation in the growth rate of existing organs is based on hormone controlled variation in meristematic activity, which is influenced by day length and the state of vernalization of the plant.