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Effects of bovine cytochrome P450 single-nucleotide polymorphism, forage type and body condition on production traits in cattle†
Article first published online: 12 JUN 2011
© 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Volume 96, Issue 4, pages 545–553, August 2012
How to Cite
Sales, M. A., Larson, M. J., Reiter, S. T., Brown, A. H., Brown, M. A., Looper, M. L., Coffey, K. P. and Rosenkrans Jr, C. F. (2012), Effects of bovine cytochrome P450 single-nucleotide polymorphism, forage type and body condition on production traits in cattle. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 96: 545–553. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0396.2011.01176.x
- Issue published online: 3 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 12 JUN 2011
- Received: 16 March 2011;accepted: 3 May 2011
- body condition;
- cytochrome P450;
- single-nucleotide polymorphisms
Relating single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) to cows with acceptable productivity could benefit cattle breeders in areas where tall fescue is the predominant forage. This study aimed to (i) identify SNPs in bovine cytochrome P450 3A28 (CYP3A28) and (ii) determine the associations between SNP genotype, forage and cow body condition (BC). Genotype (CC, CG or GG) and forage [Kentucky-31 wild-type endophyte-infected tall fescue (KY+) vs. bermudagrass] effects on milk volume and quality were determined in Herd 1 cows (123 cows); in Herd 2 (99 cows), genotype and BC (low vs. moderate) effects on ovarian follicle size, calving date and calving per cent were determined; and in Herd 3 (114 cows), effects of genotype and fescue cultivar [KY+ vs. non-toxic endophyte-infected tall fescue (HiMag4)] were related to calving per cent, calving date and weaning weights of both cow and her calf. A cytosine (C) to guanine (G) transversion at base 994 (C994G) in CYP3A28 was identified. There was a genotype × forage type interaction (p < 0.05) on milk protein in Herd 1 cows; CC cows grazing bermudagrass had greater milk protein percentage in relation to other cows in the herd. In Herd 2, BC and genotype × BC tended (p < 0.10) to influence follicle size and Julian calving date respectively. Diameter of the largest follicle tended to be larger in moderate BC than in low-BC cows; whereas, CC and CG cows in moderate BC and homozygous (CC and GG) cows in low BC tended to calve 14 days earlier in relation to CG cows in low BC. In Herd 3, there was a genotype × forage type interaction (p < 0.05) on calving per cent, Julian calving date and calf weaning weight. In this study, genetic alterations (G allele at C994G) coupled with nutritional factors (low BC and toxic tall fescue) resulted in overall lower productivity in cows.