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Field screening maize germplasm for resistance and tolerance to western corn rootworms (Col.: Chrysomelidae)†
Article first published online: 4 JUL 2007
Journal of Applied Entomology
Volume 131, Issue 6, pages 406–415, July 2007
How to Cite
Prischmann, D. A., Dashiell, K. E., Schneider, D. J. and Hibbard, B. E. (2007), Field screening maize germplasm for resistance and tolerance to western corn rootworms (Col.: Chrysomelidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 131: 406–415. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2007.01183.x
- Issue published online: 4 JUL 2007
- Article first published online: 4 JUL 2007
- Ms. received: December 14, 2006; accepted: March 9, 2007
- Diabrotica v. virgifera;
- maize breeding;
- plant resistance;
- root pests
Abstract: In the hopes of lessening the current reliance on soil insecticides, developing a viable alternative for transgenic maize hybrids, and providing sustainable options for Europe, researchers recently have been developing novel maize lines that exhibit resistance and/or tolerance to corn rootworm larvae. Here we report the results of a 2-year field experiment in a northern growing region assessing the resistance and tolerance of 10 experimental synthetic maize populations selected for varying levels of damage from western corn rootworm larvae, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Col.: Chrysomelidae) and four maize hybrids. Maize non-preference, antibiosis and tolerance to rootworms was evaluated using previously established methods, including: the Iowa 1–6 root damage rating scale, root fresh weight, compensatory root growth ratings and adult rootworm emergence. Among the experimental synthetic maize populations, BS29-11-01 was the most susceptible, and had a mean root damage rating that was greater than the highly susceptible maize hybrid B37 × H84. This line also had the lowest mean root fresh weight and one of the lowest mean compensatory root growth ratings. In contrast, CRW8-3 appeared to be tolerant to western corn rootworms, and had the lowest mean root damage rating, which was comparable with that of the non-transgenic hybrid DeKalb® 46-26.