Fishing near sea-cage farms along the coast of the Turkish Aegean Sea


Author's address: Okan Akyol, Ege University Faculty of Fisheries, TR-35440 Urla, Izmir, Turkey.


This study reports on the yield of commercially important species captured intentionally around and under fish-cage farms using specific types of gear from both sea-cage farmers and artisanal fishermen, and to identify the species composition of these catches. The 2004–2008 research was carried out in 21 fish farms, randomly chosen along the coast of Izmir Province on the Aegean Sea. A total of 91 persons were interviewed, including directors, fishers from the fish farms and artisanal fishermen. The technical characteristics of a special trap used by some fish farmers were diagramed. Total wild fish catch quantities as well the species raised in the sea-cages were recorded. A total of 34 finfish and four invertebrate species were identified from the sea-cage farm fishery. Eight fish species according to the descending quantities raised were bogue (Boops boops), grey mullet (Mugil spp.), blackspot seabream (Pagellus bogaraveo), salema (Sarpa salpa), common two-banded seabream (Diplodus vulgaris), annular seabream (Diplodus annularis), striped seabream (Lithognathus mormyrus) and gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). Mean quantities of wild fish caught from 2004 to 2008 in a sampled farm were 13 998 ± 210, 34 434 ± 482, 30 116 ± 529, 27 893 ± 429, and 32 366 ± 808 kg, respectively. There were significant differences between fish amounts and years (P < 0.05).