Get access

Osteology of the axial and appendicular skeletons of the meagre Argyrosomus regius (Sciaenidae) and early skeletal development at two rearing facilities

Authors

  • J. Cardeira,

    1. Centre of Marine Sciences, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, Faro, Portugal
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Present address: Department of Biology and CESAM – Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

  • R. Vallés,

    1. IRTA-SCR – Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Ctra. Poble Nou, Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Tarragona, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Present address: Department of Biology and CESAM – Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

  • G. Dionísio,

    1. Centre of Marine Sciences, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, Faro, Portugal
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Both authors contributed equally.

  • A. Estévez,

    1. IRTA-SCR – Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Ctra. Poble Nou, Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Tarragona, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • E. Gisbert,

    1. IRTA-SCR – Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Ctra. Poble Nou, Sant Carles de la Ràpita, Tarragona, Spain
    Search for more papers by this author
  • P. Pousão-Ferreira,

    1. INRB I.P. – IPIMAR, Av. 5 Outubro s/n, Olhão, Portugal
    Search for more papers by this author
  • M. L. Cancela,

    1. Centre of Marine Sciences, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, Faro, Portugal
    2. Department of Biomedical Sciences and Medicine, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, Faro, Portugal
    Search for more papers by this author
  • P. J. Gavaia

    1. Centre of Marine Sciences, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, Faro, Portugal
    Search for more papers by this author

Author’s address: Paulo J. Gavaia, Centre of Marine Sciences, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal.
E-mail: pgavaia@ualg.pt

Summary

The meagre (Argyrosomus regius) is a new species for aquaculture diversification, presenting a high economic value and a high growth rate, reaching 1 kg year−1. The occurrence of deformities, which generally appear in cultured larvae at early stages, is problematic for aquaculture since they reduce fish fitness and profitability. Knowledge about the stages of skeletal formation is essential to accurately assess deformities in hatchery produced fish. Here, we describe the osteology of the axial skeleton and unpaired fins of the meagre. Based on this data, the osteological development of meagre larvae reared at the IPIMAR and IRTA-SCR, under different rearing conditions, was compared. Although little literature is available on the osteology of teleosts from the same taxonomic group, the skeletal composition of the meagre is comparable to that of other Sciaenidae. All skeletal structures considered appeared at earlier stages in larvae reared at IPIMAR, which presented a more advanced skeletal development in comparison to larvae of comparable length reared at IRTA-SCR that were submitted to lower temperature and light intensity, and reduced photoperiod regimes.

Ancillary