Phytopathogenic Fusarium oxysporum Schlecht, as a Necrotrophic Mycoparasite

Authors

  • L. Vajna

    1. Plant Protection Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
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    • Plant Protection Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences 1525 Budapest, PBO 102 (Hungary)


  • With 3 figures

Abstract

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi, f. sp. lycopersici, f. sp. cepae, f. sp. niveum and one unidentified F. oxysporum isolate proved to be active necrotrophic mycoparasites. In dual cultures hyphae of Trichoderma hamatum, T. longibrachiatum, T. pseudokoningii, T. harzianum, Botrytis cinerea and Rhizoctonia solani were parasitized and destroyed by F. oxysporum. One isolate of Phytophthora sp. was not affected. Mutual parasitism between F. oxysporum and T. pseudokoningii and T. longibrachiatum has been observed, too. Details of parasitic hyphal interactions: hyphal coiling, penetration sites, resistance sheat formation, hyphal invasion and internal growing are described. The mycoparasitic feature as well as antimicrobial metabolic production of F. oxysporum is probably a common phenomenon to ensure this important plant pathogenic species to compete successfully against other soil-borne fungal pathogens and saprophytes.

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