Conflicts of interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Effect of observation method on the perception of community structure and water quality in a brackish water ecosystem
Article first published online: 25 SEP 2009
© 2009 Blackwell Verlag GmbH
Special Issue: Proceedings of the 43rd European Marine Biology Symposium, The Azores islands (Portugal), 8-12 September 2008
Volume 30, Issue Supplement s1, pages 105–112, October 2009
How to Cite
Möller, T., Kotta, J. and Martin, G. (2009), Effect of observation method on the perception of community structure and water quality in a brackish water ecosystem. Marine Ecology, 30: 105–112. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2009.00325.x
- Issue published online: 25 SEP 2009
- Article first published online: 25 SEP 2009
- Baltic sea;
- benthic invertebrates;
- water quality
The EU Water Framework Directive is a Community legislative instrument in the field of environmental protection that establishes a common framework for keeping water quality at a favourable level. To implement the directive, classification systems need to be established that allow detection of human impacts at early stages and, thus, more effective management of coastal communities. Due to the spatial variability of communities, however, the results of any assessment are highly dependent on the selection of data. In this study we identified local spatial scales in which variability of macrophyte communities was maximised, quantified links between observed patterns of sediment types and communities and estimated how selection criteria impacted the outcome of the assessment of indicator class value in four different communities of the Northern Baltic Sea. The main findings of the study were that: (i) there were no clear local spatial scales in which the variability of benthic communities was maximised; (ii) hard-bottom communities were better predicted by the spatial arrangement of sediment characteristics than soft-bottom communities; (iii) the selection of method had no effect on the estimates of macrophyte cover and indicator class; but (iv) method impacted independently of habitat type on error estimates of macrophyte cover and indicator class. To conclude, in such homogeneous and low diversity macrophyte communities it is preferable to use methods that result in lower error estimates of algal coverage and, thus, result in lower uncertainties of estimates in the water quality class.