The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and etiological agents of dermatophytoses, and also their distribution according to age, gender, and body site among children in an area south of Tehran. A total of 382 children aged ≤16 years suspected to have dermatophytic lesions were examined over a period of 3 years (1999–2001). The incidence rate of dermatophytoses was 6.6 per 100 000 person-years. Trichophyton violaceum was the most frequent isolate (28.3%) followed by Microsporum canis (15.1%), Epidermophyton floccosum (15.1%), T. rubrum (13.2%), T. mentagrophytes (11.3%), M. gypseum (7.5%), and T. verrucosum (5.7%). Tinea capitis (39.6%) was the most common type of infection, followed by tinea corporis (30.2%), tinea faciei (18.9%), and tinea manuum (7.5%).