• Hordeum vulgare;
  • Pyrenophora teres;
  • net blotch disease;
  • seedling resistance;
  • inheritance;
  • generation mean analysis


F1, F2, Fl × parentl (BC1), and Fl × parent2 (BC2) generations resulting from four crosses among seven cultivars of barley used in national and international breeding programmes were tested at the seedling stage for their resistance to a mixture of five isolates of Pyrenophora teres. Four methods were used to assess disease resistance: infection type (IT), average lesion size (ALS), number of lesions per unit leaf area (NL) and percent leaf area infected (PLAI). Gene actions were estimated by generation mean analysis on each of the four crosses and on each of the evaluation methods. Significant additive and additive × additive epistatic effects were found. Infection type and percent leaf area infected were found to be highly correlated in all four crosses. These results suggest that barley breeders could improve the level of resistance to P. teres by making appropriate crosses between highly susceptible barley cultivars.